Italina Cerutti

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BACKGROUND The intracytoplasmic injection of sperm raises the problem that viral elements may be transported into the oocyte by the spermatozoon or the surrounding medium. It also raises questions about how the developing zygote will behave. METHODS We used the murine model to microinject murine cytomegalovirus (MCMV) into the zygote ooplasm and followed(More)
The interest of butyric salts is based on their capacity to promote differentiation of malignant cells and inhibition of tumor development. The phenotypic modifications are rapidly reversible and require the continuous presence of butyric salts in the target area, which raises problems for therapeutic applications. We show here that the covalent binding of(More)
Sodium butyrate together with interferon enhances the antitumor effect of interferon in vivo. When Sarcoma 180 TG cells are inoculated in mice, the mean survival time and final survival rate are greatly increased compared to those for treatment with interferon alone. Similarly, a significant delay in the mean survival time is observed when mice inoculated(More)
Phospholipases A2 (PLA2) catalyse the release of fatty acids from the sn-2 position of phospholipids and have been suggested to play a key part in permeability barrier homeostasis. Using a sensitive and versatile fluorometric method, significant PLA2 activity has been detected in both human skin homogenates and tape strippings of stratum corneum. Based on(More)
While p53 is dispensable for development, an excess of p53 has dramatic consequences on the embryogenesis and on the cell differentiation. In an attempt to analyse in vivo the effects of p53 activity, we have generated transgenic mice expressing the wild-type p53 under the control of the metallothionein I promoter. In the three transgenic lines established,(More)
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is an attractive component for the treatment of various neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's or Parkinson's disease. Innovative non-invasive therapeutic approaches involve appropriate pharmacological induction of endogenous BDNF synthesis in brain. A transgenic mouse model has been established to study(More)
The use of n-butyric acid has been associated with induction of cell differentiation and bypassing of genetic defects in the suppression of malignancy. This biological response modifier satisfies the requirements for specificity and low toxicity, and its use can be considered as an alternative approach to conventional cancer chemotherapy. However, a lack of(More)
The pharmacokinetics of seven butyric esters derived from monosaccharides were studied after iv administration of a bolus dose to rabbits. Results obtained showed that a constant plasma level of butyric acid is maintained due to the slow disappearance of butyric acid esters from the plasma in contrast to the case of salts, such as arginine butyrate, which(More)
Considering that butyrate-treated malignant cells can recover in a transitory fashion a non-cancerous phenotype, the authors carried out a pharmacokinetics study of butyric acid injected as sodium or arginine salts for possible antitumor therapies. In the case of 1-14C-labelled butyrate, the appearance of radioactivity in the blood of injected mice is rapid(More)