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The leaves of the white mulberry tree (Morus alba L.) are used worldwide in traditional medicine as anti-diabetics. Various constituents of mulberry leaves, such as iminosugars (i.e. 1-deoxynojirimicin), flavonoids and related compounds, polysaccharides, glycopeptides and ecdysteroids, have been reported to exert anti-diabetic activity, but knowledge about(More)
BACKGROUND L-type calcium channel (LTCC) and Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchanger (NCX) have been implicated in repolarization-dependent arrhythmias, but also modulate calcium and contractility. Although LTCC inhibition is negative inotropic, NCX inhibition has the opposite effect. Combined block may, therefore, offer an advantage for hemodynamics and antiarrhythmic(More)
Betulin, an important compound found in birch tree bark, can be converted to betulinic acid, an important pharmacological substance. Betulin has recently been reported as a cytotoxic agent for several tumor cell lines and as an apoptotic inductor. Angiogenesis is a key process involved in tumor metastasis and in developing tumor resistance to cytotoxic(More)
The tea from the white mulberry (Morus alba L.) leaf is a worldwide known traditional medicine of type II diabetes. Here, we report the investigation of the dichloromethane-soluble fraction obtained in a 0.24% m/m yield from the hot water extract of mulberry leaves. A significant, dose-dependent activity was found by means of the 24-h glucose consumption of(More)
From the n-hexane fraction of the fruits of Vitex agnus-castus, two labdane-type diterpenes, vitetrifolin B and C, were isolated by means of multiple chromatographic separations, together with the previously identified rotundifuran, vitexilactone and the sesquiterpene spathulenol. From the EtOAc fraction, eupatorin was identified for the first time, besides(More)
The antiproliferative activities of n-hexane, chloroform, aqueous-methanol and aqueous extracts of the aerial parts of the Achillea millefolium aggregate on three human tumour cell lines were investigated by means of MTT assays. The chloroform-soluble extract exerted high tumour cell proliferation inhibitory activities on HeLa and MCF-7 cells, and a(More)
The antioxidant effects of aqueous methanolic extracts from three medicinal Lamiaceae species were investigated in enzyme-dependent and enzyme-independent lipid peroxidation systems. All these extracts caused a considerable concentration-dependent inhibition of lipid peroxidation. Phenolic components present in the plant extracts were evaluated for(More)
The aim of the present study was to investigate the anticancer properties of five alkaloids isolated from Amaryllidaceae, including the inhibitory effect on P-glycoprotein (P-gp) and the apoptosis-inducing capacity. The tested alkaloids were evaluated for their multidrug resistance (MDR)-reversing activity on human MDR1-gene-transfected L5178 mouse lymphoma(More)
Benzimidazoles are important compounds because of their antibacterial, antifungal, antimicrobial, antiprotozoal and antihelmintic activities. Some benzimidazole derivatives also interfere with the reactions of DNA topoisomerases, enzymes functioning at almost all stages of the cell cycle. In this study, nine 1H-benzimidazole derivatives with substituents at(More)
The pregnancy-induced rapid degeneration of the adrenergic nerves innervating the uterus is a well-known but poorly understood phenomenon. Since most of the published investigations were carried out by histological assay, our aim was to describe the loss of the adrenergic function during pregnancy and the re-innervational procedure in the postpartum period.(More)