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During the 2001 foot and mouth disease epidemic in the UK, initial dissemination of the disease to widespread geographical regions was attributed to livestock movement, especially of sheep. In response, recording schemes to provide accurate data describing the movement of large livestock in Great Britain (GB) were introduced. Using these data, we(More)
We consider a procedure for generating clustered networks previously reported by Newman [Phys. Rev. E 68, 026121 (2003)]. In the same study, clustered networks generated according to the proposed model have been reported to have a lower epidemic threshold under susceptible-infective-recovered-type network epidemic dynamics. By rewiring networks generated by(More)
We consider Markovian susceptible-infectious-removed (SIR) dynamics on time-invariant weighted contact networks where the infection and removal processes are Poisson and where network links may be directed or undirected. We prove that a particular pair-based moment closure representation generates the expected infectious time series for networks with no(More)
Auditory event-related potentials (ERPs) were recorded simultaneously from the scalp and from bilateral intracranial sites within the frontal and temporal lobes, as well as from intracortical sites in the parieto-occipital region in a subject undergoing evaluation for surgical treatment of medically intractable epilepsy. Scalp ERP morphology was entirely(More)
We used phase models to describe and tune complex dynamic structures to desired states; weak, nondestructive signals are used to alter interactions among nonlinear rhythmic elements. Experiments on electrochemical reactions on electrode arrays were used to demonstrate the power of mild model-engineered feedback to achieve a desired response. Applications(More)
The efficacy of contact tracing, be it between individuals (e.g. sexually transmitted diseases or severe acute respiratory syndrome) or between groups of individuals (e.g. foot-and-mouth disease; FMD), is difficult to evaluate without precise knowledge of the underlying contact structure; i.e. who is connected to whom? Motivated by the 2001 FMD epidemic in(More)
Livestock movements in Great Britain (GB) are well recorded and are a unique record of the network of connections among livestock-holding locations. These connections can be critical for disease spread, as in the 2001 epidemic of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) in the UK. Here, the movement data are used to construct an individual-farm-based model of the(More)
Contact tracing aims to identify and isolate individuals that have been in contact with infectious individuals. The efficacy of contact tracing and the hierarchy of traced nodes-nodes with higher degree traced first-is investigated and compared on random and scale-free (SF) networks with the same number of nodes N and average connection K. For values of the(More)
We consider previously proposed procedures for generating clustered networks and investigate how these procedures lead to differences in network properties other than clustering. We interpret our findings in terms of the effect of the network structure on the disease outbreak threshold and disease dynamics. To generate null-model networks for comparison, we(More)
We propose a method to infer the coupling structure in networks of nonlinear oscillatory systems with multiple time scales. The method of partial phase synchronization allows us to infer the coupling structure for coupled nonlinear oscillators with one well-defined time scale. The case of oscillators with multiple time scales has remained a challenge until(More)