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Sensitivity, specificity and correlations among several biomarkers for monitoring occupational exposure to complex mixtures of genotoxic agents were assessed in occupational environments in Hungarian study populations. The studies have been focused on DNA adduct formation, urinary metabolites, mutations and micronuclei induced by exposures to complex(More)
The modifying action of chronic liver injury on the process of hepatocarcinogenesis was investigated. To induce cirrhosis or fibrosis F344 rats received CCl4 alone or in combination with phenobarbital, either before (model 1) or after (model 2) the application of initiator, diethylnitrosamine (DENA). In these models, morphology, tumor incidence as well as(More)
Phase I and Phase II xenobiotic-metabolising enzyme families are involved in the metabolic activation and detoxification of various classes of environmental carcinogens. Particular genetic polymorphisms of these enzymes have been shown to influence individual cancer risk. A brief overview is presented about recent research of the relationship between(More)
The presence of carcinogen-DNA adducts in human tissues is evidence of exposure to carcinogens and may be an indicator of cancer risk. DNA was isolated from non-tumorous bronchial tissue of 37 cigarette smokers, 8 former smokers and 8 non-smokers and analyzed for the presence of aromatic and/or hydrophobic DNA adducts in the 32P-post-labelling assay.(More)
AIM To study the effect of resveratrol on survival and caspase 3 activation in non-transformed cells after serum deprivation. METHODS Apoptosis was induced by serum deprivation in primary mouse embryonic fibroblasts. Caspase 3 activation and lactate dehydrogenase release were assayed as cell viability measure by using their fluorogenic substrates. The(More)
A competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), the most frequently used immunoassay for the determination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon-DNA adducts in human tissues, has been modified to achieve approximately a 6-fold increase in sensitivity. The new assay, a competitive dissociation-enhanced lanthanide fluoroimmunoassay (DELFIA) has utilized(More)
Relationships between smoking status and levels of bulky DNA adducts were investigated in bronchial tissue of lung patients in relation to their GSTM1 and CYP1A1 MspI genotypes. A total of 150 Hungarian patients undergoing pulmonary surgery were included in the study, 124 with lung malignancies and 26 with non-malignant lung conditions. There were(More)
Effects of eight structurally closely related substituted urea herbicides were investigated on the induction of cytochrome P-450 dependent monooxygenase enzyme complex, as well as on two conjugating enzymes after short-term treatment of rats. Liver microsomal cytochrome P-450 content was induced approximately by 50%. Cytochrome P-450 dependent monooxygenase(More)
Dose-related induction of various hepatic drug-metabolizing enzymes has been investigated after short-term treatment of rats by diuron and chlorotoluron, a dichlorinated and a monochlorinated phenylurea herbicide, respectively. Results suggest that 'saturation' of the induction system of benzo(a)pyrene monooxygenase, 7-ethoxycoumarin O-deethylase and(More)