István Szentistványi

Learn More
Studies were carried out in anesthetized rats comparing dynamics and pathways of interstitial fluid (ISF) drainage from different regions of brain. Rates of drainage from brain and flow into cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) were estimated from the efflux from brain and influx into CSF of radioiodinated albumin (RISA) following microinjection into caudate nucleus,(More)
Primary cultures from chick embryonic brain were used to study the steady state distribution of lithium. The intra/extracellular Li+ ratio decreased by enhancing the external Na+ concentration. Ouabain did not influence this unequality. A phloretin-sensitive component was revealed in the Li uptake at low Na+ concentration. The findings might suggest the(More)
The ionic regulating of lithium homeostasis and steady-state intra: extracellular lithium distribution in the brain can be approached by experimental methods using intact nerve cells in vitro. Primary cultures prepared from chick embryonic brain were applied to study the effect of extracellular sodium and potassium on the lithium uptake of nerve cells at(More)
Preferential swelling and vacuolation of dendrites were observed electron microscopically in different brain regions of rats treated with LiCl in a dose of 6-18 mmol/kg for 1-6 days. The most severe fine structural changes were revealed in the hippocampus. Low-dose (0.33 mmol/kg) lithium treatment lasting for a year did not cause any morphologically(More)
Lithium chloride was added in 5 and 10 mM concentrations for different periods of exposition time to dissociated cultures obtained from chicken embryonic brain. When supplementing lithium at day 1 in vitro for five days, a dose-dependent decrease in total protein was observed in the cultures as compared to the sodium-treated controls. Profound reduction was(More)
The red blood cell/plasma concentration ratio (LR) was studied in 45 female patients with bipolar affective illness who responded to prophylactic lithium treatment. Patients were subdivided according to bipolar I vs. bipolar II diagnosis and presence vs. absence of a family history of affective illness. Mean LRs were significantly higher in bipolar II(More)
The red blood cell/plasma lithium ratio (LR) has been studied in 14 schizophrenic (paranoid type), 22 schizoaffective, and 86 manic-depressive patients. Mean LR proved to be significantly higher in manic-depressive patients (p less than 0.001) as compared to the other two groups which on the other hand did not differ significantly from each other. There was(More)