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BACKGROUND The European Society of Cardiology (ESC) has published guidelines for the investigation of patients with suspected heart failure and, if the diagnosis is proven, their subsequent management. Hospitalisation provides a key point of care at which time diagnosis and treatment may be refined to improve outcome for a group of patients with a high(More)
BACKGROUND National surveys suggest that treatment of heart failure in daily practice differs from guidelines and is characterized by underuse of recommended medications. Accordingly, the Euro Heart Failure Survey was conducted to ascertain how patients hospitalized for heart failure are managed in Europe and if national variations occur in the treatment of(More)
BACKGROUND Heart failure is a prevalent condition that is generally treated in primary care. The aim of this study was to assess how primary-care physicians think that heart failure should be managed, how they implement their knowledge, and whether differences exist in practice between countries. METHODS The survey was undertaken in 15 countries that had(More)
BACKGROUND Combined intracoronary and intramyocardial administration might improve outcomes for bone-marrow-derived stem cell therapy for acute myocardial infarction (AMI). We compared the safety and feasibility of early and late delivery of stem cells with combined therapy approaches. METHODS Patients with left ventricular ejection fraction less than 45%(More)
BACKGROUND The EUROHEART programme is a rolling programme of cardiovascular surveys among the member nations of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC). These surveys will provide information on the nature of cardiovascular disease and its management. This manuscript describes a survey into the nature and management of heart failure. AIMS The EuroHeart(More)
Several clinical studies have compared the anti-ischaemic properties of trimetazidine used as monotherapy with those of standard anti-anginal therapy. In the treatment of uncontrolled angina pectoris, the addition of a metabolic agent such as trimetazidine to existing therapy with a haemodynamic agent would appear to confer advantages over the addition of a(More)
Reactive free radical and oxidant production leads to DNA damage during myocardial ischemia/reperfusion. Consequent overactivation of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) promotes cellular energy deficit and necrosis. We hypothesized that PARP is activated in circulating leukocytes in patients with myocardial infarction and reperfusion during primary(More)
Combined antiplatelet therapy reduces recurrent atherothrombotic events in stable coronary disease patients; however, high residual platelet reactivity measured ex vivo still raises concerns as a condition related to treatment failure. Alpha-2 adrenoceptor enhances platelet reactivity and might contribute to this phenomenon. For the present study, 121(More)
Systemic factors and blood flow velocity related to atherosclerosis have been examined mainly separately or by in vitro studies. The aim of our study was to investigate the association between local coronary blood flow (corrected TIMI frame count, CTFC) and systemic atherosclerosis-related inflammatory parameters such as soluble intercellular adhesion(More)
This study describes the simulation of the more common types of conduction blocks with a computer model of the heart incorporating anisotropic propagation. The rationale was to test the model as to its ability to simulate these blocks by physiologically justifiable adjustments of the conduction system alone. The complete blocks were generated by simply(More)