István Komáromi

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Factor XIII (FXIII) is unique among clotting factors for a number of reasons: 1) it is a protransglutaminase, which becomes activated in the last stage of coagulation; 2) it works on an insoluble substrate; 3) its potentially active subunit is also present in the cytoplasm of platelets, monocytes, monocyte-derived macrophages, dendritic cells, chondrocytes,(More)
Factor (F)XIII is a protransglutaminase that, in addition to maintaining hemostasis, has multiple plasmatic and intracellular functions. Its plasmatic form (pFXIII) is a tetramer of two potentially active A (FXIII-A) and two inhibitory/carrier B (FXIII-B) subunits, whereas its cellular form (cFXIII) is a dimer of FXIII-A. FXIII-A belongs to the family of(More)
Factor XIII (FXIII) deficiency is a very rare severe autosomal bleeding disorder with a frequency of 1:2,000,000 in the general population and only a few patients have been genetically characterized so far. We report a phenotype-genotype characterization of 10 unrelated Iranian patients. Two FXIII (transglutaminase) activity assays showed no FXIII activity,(More)
Val34Leu polymorphism of the A subunit of coagulation factor XIII (FXIII-A) is located in the activation peptide (AP) just 3 amino acids away from the thrombin cleavage site. This mutation has been associated with a protective effect against occlusive arterial diseases and venous thrombosis; however, its biochemical consequences have not been explored. In(More)
On the basis of quantum chemical calculations C(alpha)-glycyl radical parameters have been developed for the OPLS-AA/L force field. The molecular mechanics hypersurface was fitted to the calculated quantum chemical surface by minimizing their molecular mechanics parameter dependent sum-of-squares deviations. To do this, a computer program in which the(More)
Protein phosphatase-1 (PP1) and protein phosphatase-2A (PP2A) are responsible for the dephosphorylation of the majority of phosphoserine/threonine residues in cells. In this study, we show that (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) and 1,2,3,4,6-penta-O-galloyl-β-D-glucose (PGG), polyphenolic constituents of green tea and tannins, inhibit the activity of(More)
Antithrombin (AT) belongs to the serpin family and is a key regulator of the coagulation system. AT inhibits active clotting factors, particularly thrombin and factor Xa; its absence is incompatible with life. This review gives an overview of the protein and gene structure of AT, and attempts to explain how glucosaminoglycans, such as heparin and heparan(More)
Tetrodotoxin (TTX) is believed to be the most selective inhibitor of voltage-gated fast Na+ channels in excitable tissues, including nerve, skeletal muscle, and heart, although TTX sensitivity of the latter is lower than the former by at least three orders of magnitude. In the present study, the TTX sensitivity of L-type Ca2+ current (I Ca) was studied in(More)
Tetrodotoxin (TTX) is believed to be one of the most selective inhibitors of voltage-gated fast Na⁺ channels in excitable tissues. Recently, however, TTX has been shown to block L-type Ca²⁺ current (I(Ca)) in canine cardiac cells. In the present study, the TTX-sensitivity of I(Ca) was studied in isolated canine ventricular myocytes as a function of (1)(More)
Due to a homozygous Gly204Arg mutation in the factor X (FX) gene no detectable FX antigen was found in the plasma of a one-year old patient with severe bleeding diathesis. The amino acid replacement destabilized the disulfide bond that holds the two FX chains together, decreasing the interaction between the Cys201-Cys206 loop region and the region(More)