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Factor XIII (FXIII) deficiency is a very rare severe autosomal bleeding disorder with a frequency of 1:2,000,000 in the general population and only a few patients have been genetically characterized so far. We report a phenotype-genotype characterization of 10 unrelated Iranian patients. Two FXIII (transglutaminase) activity assays showed no FXIII activity,(More)
Factor XIII (FXIII) is unique among clotting factors for a number of reasons: 1) it is a protransglutaminase, which becomes activated in the last stage of coagulation; 2) it works on an insoluble substrate; 3) its potentially active subunit is also present in the cytoplasm of platelets, monocytes, monocyte-derived macrophages, dendritic cells, chondrocytes,(More)
Val34Leu polymorphism of the A subunit of coagulation factor XIII (FXIII-A) is located in the activation peptide (AP) just 3 amino acids away from the thrombin cleavage site. This mutation has been associated with a protective effect against occlusive arterial diseases and venous thrombosis; however, its biochemical consequences have not been explored. In(More)
Antithrombin (AT) belongs to the serpin family and is a key regulator of the coagulation system. AT inhibits active clotting factors, particularly thrombin and factor Xa; its absence is incompatible with life. This review gives an overview of the protein and gene structure of AT, and attempts to explain how glucosaminoglycans, such as heparin and heparan(More)
The first step in the activation of plasma factor XIII (FXIII) is the cleavage of R37-G38 bond in FXIII-A subunit (FXIII-A) by thrombin, which makes the subsequent formation of an active transglutaminase possible. No active truncated form of FXIII-A, other than G38-FXIII-A, has been identified. In contrast to thrombin, which has a preference toward arginine(More)
Factor (F)XIII is a protransglutaminase that, in addition to maintaining hemostasis, has multiple plasmatic and intracellular functions. Its plasmatic form (pFXIII) is a tetramer of two potentially active A (FXIII-A) and two inhibitory/carrier B (FXIII-B) subunits, whereas its cellular form (cFXIII) is a dimer of FXIII-A. FXIII-A belongs to the family of(More)
Semisynthetic, lipophilic ristocetin and teicoplanin derivatives were prepared starting from ristocetin aglycon and teicoplanin psi-aglycon (N-acetyl-D-glucosaminyl aglycoteicoplanin). The terminal amino functions of the aglycons were converted into azido form by triflic azide. Copper catalyzed 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition reaction with lipophilic alkynes(More)
Protein phosphatase-1 (PP1) and protein phosphatase-2A (PP2A) are responsible for the dephosphorylation of the majority of phosphoserine/threonine residues in cells. In this study, we show that (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) and 1,2,3,4,6-penta-O-galloyl-β-D-glucose (PGG), polyphenolic constituents of green tea and tannins, inhibit the activity of(More)
Palmarumycins BG1-BG7 (1-7), seven new compounds related to palmarumycins, were isolated from the aerial parts of Bruguiera gymnorrhiza as well as a new preussomerin derivative BG1 (8). The structures of these compounds were determined mainly by the analysis of their NMR and MS data, and their relative configurations were assigned on the basis of their(More)