Learn More
UNLABELLED Previous studies indicated that elevated tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) levels may play a role in the development of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). The A(-308) and A(-238) variants of the promoter region of the TNF-alpha gene are reportedly associated with altered TNF-alpha production. The aim of our study was to determine the impact(More)
The amount of inflammatory cytokines is a major determinant for the development of sepsis in very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) neonates. We investigated whether variants of tumor necrosis factor-alpha, interleukin (IL)-1 beta, IL-4 receptor alpha-chain, IL-6 and IL-10 genes, associated with altered cytokine production, might influence the risk and complications(More)
Systemic infection is a major risk factor for the development of neonatal acute renal failure (ARF). We investigated whether genetic polymorphisms of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, interleukin (IL)-1beta, IL-6, and IL-10 genes leading to a more intense inflammatory response might predispose very low birth weight (VLBW) infants to the development of ARF(More)
High neonatal activity of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) is crucial for the maintenance of glomerular filtration of the newborn. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether genetic polymorphisms leading to lower angiotensin converting enzyme activity (ACE) or impaired functionality of angiotensin II (AII) type 1 receptor (AT1R) might(More)
Gastric proton pump inhibitors are widely used in the treatment of dyspeptic problems and for the eradication of H. pylori infection. Data are not available on whether omeprazole, a representative of proton pump inhibitors, influences the function of osteoclastic H+-pump in children. We studied the impact of short-term omeprazole administration on the(More)
The authors tested 123 genotypes described in 54 papers published in the journal Neurology between 1999 and 2002 to ascertain whether these genotype distributions deviated from Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium (HWE). Unreported deviations from HWE in 19 genotype distributions described in 11 of the papers were discovered. The authors also report additional(More)
BACKGROUND Population-genetic studies investigating genetic polymorphisms of Mendelian inheritance should always test whether the measured genotype frequencies deviate from the expected one. For this purpose Hardy-Weinberg (HW) criteria are generally used. If genotype distribution of control population misses HW equilibrium, the results should be treated(More)