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Gastric proton pump inhibitors are widely used in the treatment of dyspeptic problems and for the eradication of H. pylori infection. Data are not available on whether omeprazole, a representative of proton pump inhibitors, influences the function of osteoclastic H+-pump in children. We studied the impact of short-term omeprazole administration on the(More)
Erythropoietin is known as a cytokine regulating the erythrocyte production. Based on recent research it became clear that it is secreted not only by the kidney, but by the central nervous system as well, and erythropoietin receptors are present there, too. Animal and human studies found that the expression of erythropoietin and its receptor is changing(More)
Systemic infection is a major risk factor for the development of neonatal acute renal failure (ARF). We investigated whether genetic polymorphisms of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, and IL-10 genes leading to a more intense inflammatory response might predispose very low birth weight (VLBW) infants to the development of ARF in(More)
High neonatal activity of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) is crucial for the maintenance of glomerular filtration of the newborn. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether genetic polymorphisms leading to lower angiotensin converting enzyme activity (ACE) or impaired functionality of angiotensin II (AII) type 1 receptor (AT1R) might(More)
UNLABELLED Previous studies indicated that elevated tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) levels may play a role in the development of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). The A(-308) and A(-238) variants of the promoter region of the TNF-alpha gene are reportedly associated with altered TNF-alpha production. The aim of our study was to determine the impact(More)
Altered pulmonary vascular resistance might be a factor for delayed closure of the ductus arteriosus (DA) in preterm infants. Angiotensin II plays a central role in the elevation of pulmonary vascular resistance. Angiotensin II exerts its vasoconstrictor effect on the angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1R). Homozygous carriers of the AT1R A1166C genetic(More)
AIM To study the relation between erythrocyte Na(+),K(+)-ATPase subunit isoform composition, Na(+),K(+)-ATPase activity, and cation pump function in preterm and term neonates. DESIGN Erythrocyte Na(+),K(+)-ATPase subunit isoform abundance, Na(+),K(+)-ATPase activity, and cation pump function were studied in blood samples obtained from 56 preterm neonates(More)
The amount of inflammatory cytokines is a major determinant for the development of sepsis in very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) neonates. We investigated whether variants of tumor necrosis factor-alpha, interleukin (IL)-1 beta, IL-4 receptor alpha-chain, IL-6 and IL-10 genes, associated with altered cytokine production, might influence the risk and complications(More)
Higher erythrocyte sodium-lithium countertransport activity (SLC) is implicated in the development of diabetic nephropathy. Altered glucose homeostasis and genetic susceptibility are claimed to play a role in the elevation of SLC. We aimed to test whether metabolic control or the genetic variants of G protein beta 3 (Gb3) subunits determine SLC and other(More)