Issouf Konaté

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BACKGROUND Epidemiologic data suggest that infection with herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) is associated with increased genital shedding of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) RNA and HIV-1 transmissibility. METHODS We conducted a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of HSV suppressive therapy with valacyclovir (at a dose of 500(More)
Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and cervical squamous intraepithelial lesions (SILs) were studied in 379 high-risk women. Human papillomavirus DNA was detected in 238 of 360 (66.1%) of the beta-globin-positive cervical samples, and 467 HPV isolates belonging to 35 types were identified. Multiple (2-7 types) HPV infections were observed in 52.9% of(More)
BACKGROUND Interventions targeting core groups such as high-risk women in Africa have focused mostly on HIV prevention. In this marginalized group, the delegation of HIV care to public services may jeopardize the effectiveness of prevention activities. We assessed the effect of an intervention combining prevention and care among high-risk women on HIV(More)
BACKGROUND Human papillomaviruses are the most common sexually transmitted infections, and genital warts, caused by HPV-6 and 11, entail considerable morbidity and cost. The natural history of genital warts in relation to HIV-1 infection has not been described in African women. We examined risk factors for genital warts in a cohort of high-risk women in(More)
BACKGROUND Concerns have been raised that marginalised populations may not achieve adequate compliance to antiretroviral therapy. Our objective was to describe the long-term virological, immunological and mortality outcomes of providing highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) with strong adherence support to HIV-infected female sex workers (FSWs) in(More)
The performance characteristics of the INNO-LiPA Genotyping v2 test for human papillomavirus (HPV) identification were assessed by comparing results with those obtained by PCR product sequencing after subcloning, in genital samples from 20 highly sexually exposed African women. The INNO-LiPA HPV Genotyping v2 test identified more HPV types than(More)
BACKGROUND CD4-specific rates of mortality in sub-Saharan African adults with high CD4 counts have rarely been estimated. This estimation is useful to the when to start antiretroviral treatment (ART) debate. METHODS We pooled data from National Agency for Research on AIDS and Viral Hepatitis (ANRS)-funded research cohorts or associated partners in West(More)
Forty-two HSV-2-seropositive women, of whom 22 were HIV-1 seropositive, were followed up weekly for 3 weeks for assessment of HIV-1 and HSV-2 genital shedding in Bobo Dioulasso, Burkina Faso. HSV-2 DNA and HIV-1 RNA were quantitated in cervicovaginal lavages enriched with a cervical swabbing (eCVL) using real-time polymerase chain reaction. HIV-1 RNA(More)
BACKGROUND Few longitudinal studies have described the interactions between reactivation of herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) infection (hereafter, "HSV-2 reactivation") and genital and systemic replication of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1). METHODS Women in Burkina Faso who were seropositive for both HIV-1 and HSV-2 were enrolled in a(More)
BACKGROUND In resource-limited countries, estimating CD4-specific incidence rates of mortality and morbidity among patients receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) may help assess the effectiveness of care and treatment programmes, identify program weaknesses, and inform decisions. METHODS We pooled data from 13 research cohorts in 5 sub-Saharan African(More)