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We report a patient with a wide-necked basilar bifurcation aneurysm that was difficult to address by standard coil embolization because the left and right posterior cerebral artery (PCA) branched from the base of the aneurysm. To preserve both PCAs, the aneurysm was endovascularly embolized using a double-balloon remodeling technique and HyperForm compliant(More)
PURPOSE Rathke cleft cysts (RCC) usually are asymptomatic and can be observed via the use of conservative methods. Some patients with RCCs, however, have severe headaches even if they are small enough to be confined to the sella, and these small RCCs seldom have been discussed. This study presents an investigation into clinical characteristics of small RCCs(More)
INTRODUCTION Endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal surgery (EETS) is increasingly applied to treat tuberculum sellae meningiomas. However, if the tumor adheres firmly to the optic nerve, dissection of the interface between both structures should be prudent to preserve visual function. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether tumor adhesion to the(More)
BACKGROUND In Rathke cleft cysts (RCCs), inflammation by the cyst contents infrequently spreads to the surrounding structures. Calcification, which is regarded as a result of chronic inflammation of the cyst wall, can rarely be found in RCCs. Moreover, ossification is extremely rare. CASE DESCRIPTION A 60-year-old woman experienced headaches, fatigue, and(More)
BACKGROUND Meningiomas are the most common type of benign brain tumor, and the incidence of meningioma in women is more than twofold higher than in men. Several studies have demonstrated that hormones are somehow related to the growth of meningiomas. CASE DESCRIPTION A 72-year-old man with benign meningioma underwent tumor resection and had no recurrence(More)
OBJECTIVES It is important to identify and maintain a midline orientation during endoscopic transsphenoidal surgery (ETSS) for sellar lesions to prevent critical injury to the internal carotid artery. Therefore, the preoperative neuroradiological assessment of the bony structures in the sphenoid sinus, including the septum attachment to the sellar floor and(More)
INTRODUCTION Symptomatic Rathke cleft cysts (RCCs) are rarely detected in neuroradiological screening and are less commonly found in children than in adults. However, when RCCs are observed in children, it is important to carefully distinguish a RCC from a cystic craniopharyngioma (CP) even if surgically treated or conservatively followed up. METHODS We(More)
BACKGROUND Obstructive hydrocephalus is the most common complication of intracranial germ cell tumors (IGCTs). Although ventriculoperitoneal shunts (VPSs) were previously used for treating this condition, they have recently been replaced by endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV), as the latter can avoid various complications caused by a VPS and can preserve(More)
BACKGROUND Xanthomatous hypophysitis (XH) is an extremely rare form of primary hypophysitis characterized by infiltration of the pituitary gland by mixed types of inflammatory cells, including foamy cells, plasma cells, and small mature lymphocytes. XH manifests as varying degrees of hypopituitarism. Although several previous reports have denied a possible(More)