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BACKGROUND The introduction of combination antiretroviral therapy and protease inhibitors has led to reports of falling mortality rates among people infected with HIV-1. We examined the change in these mortality rates of HIV-1-infected patients across Europe during 1994-98, and assessed the extent to which changes can be explained by the use of new(More)
This study was conducted to investigate the usefulness of organ-specific autoantibodies as possible markers for reproductive failure. Antithyroid and antiovarian autoantibody concentrations were measured in 78 patients with mechanical or unexplained infertility that were enrolled in an in-vitro fertilization (IVF)/embryo transfer programme with follow-up of(More)
Acute allergic blepharoconjunctivitis with mucopurulent discharge due to phenylephrine eye drops is reported. The reaction begins 3-4 hours after drug application, persists for 12 hours and regresses gradually within 72 hours. This clinical picture occurs with a phenylephrine concentration as low as 0.1%. Conjunctival biopsy of the inflamed eyes reveals(More)
In a group of 520 patients undergoing chronic hemodialysis, 23 (4. 4%) were enzyme immunoassay (EIA) positive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and indeterminate by Western blot (IWB) analysis. The antibodies were mostly directed against p24 and p55 antigens. A comparison between hemodialysis patients with and without IWB showed significant differences(More)
Treatment of lymphoid cell preparations with ammonium chloride buffers to remove contaminating erythroid cells markedly reduced the ability of these cells to function as attacking cells in antibody dependent cell mediated cytotoxicity tests (ADCC). The lymphoid cells, however, retained their ability to adhere to antibody-coated target cells. Recovery of(More)
A necrotic torted testis left in the scrotum affects the contralateral testis, resulting in depressed fertility. It was suggested that testicular torsion provoked a systemic response of an immunologic nature. In order to prove this theory, 56 rats were operated. Ten had a sham operation, in 17 a testis was torted and excised after 24 h, and in 29 a testis(More)
Although blue-green molds of the genusPenicillium are ubiquitous in the human environment, invasive penicilliosis is uncommon and primarily encountered among immunosuppressed patients. A patient with HIV infection who died of severe necrotizing esophagitis caused byPenicillium chrysogenum is reported and the relevant English language literature on human(More)
To assess the existence of a possible immunologic factor in varicocele-associated infertility, we searched for antispermatozoal antibodies in serum, seminal plasma, and bound to spermatozoa in 32 infertile men with varicocele and 22 infertile patients without palpable varicocele, with the use of an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. In addition, we(More)
Lymphomatoid granulomatosis (LYG), a non-neoplastic lymphoreticular disorder, was diagnosed in a 65-year-old woman. Chest radiographs demonstrated bilateral lower lobe nodular infiltrates. Percutaneous needle biopsy of the lung showed an infiltrate composed of plasma cells, lymphocytes and large histiocytic-like cells. Impairment of cellular immunity was(More)