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HIV-infected individuals have an increased risk of malignancy, especially non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and Kaposi's sarcoma. Recently, several workers have noted a raised prevalence of lung cancer in HIV-positive subjects. We describe the diagnosis and clinical course for four HIV-seropositive patients who presented with lung cancer. All of the patients were(More)
BACKGROUND The introduction of combination antiretroviral therapy and protease inhibitors has led to reports of falling mortality rates among people infected with HIV-1. We examined the change in these mortality rates of HIV-1-infected patients across Europe during 1994-98, and assessed the extent to which changes can be explained by the use of new(More)
OBJECTIVES It is still debated if pre-existing minority drug-resistant HIV-1 variants (MVs) affect the virological outcomes of first-line NNRTI-containing ART. METHODS This Europe-wide case-control study included ART-naive subjects infected with drug-susceptible HIV-1 as revealed by population sequencing, who achieved virological suppression on first-line(More)
Uncovering primary target antigens in multiple sclerosis (MS) is of major significance for understanding the etiology and pathophysiology of the disease, and for designing immunospecific therapy. In this study, a synthetic peptide representing a predicted T cell epitope on myelin oligodendrocytic basic protein (MOBP) was found to be encephalitogenic in(More)
The complexity of bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) has motivated the search for noninvasive methodology to retrieve specimens for detecting the presence of various pulmonary diseases. Induced sputum (IS) has been shown to be a reliable tool in terms of sensitivity and specificity comparable to BAL. Investigators from institutions worldwide have published(More)
Background.  Although human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive persons on antiretroviral therapy (ART) frequently have chronic liver enzyme elevation (cLEE), the underlying cause is often unclear. Methods.  Data Collection on Adverse Events of Anti-HIV Drugs (D:A:D) Study participants without chronic viral hepatitis were observed to the earliest of cLEE(More)
The increasing prevalence with age of antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL), of dementia and of stroke complicates the study of a causal relationship between antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) and dementia. Prolonged aPTT due to circulating anticoagulants (CAC) may serve as a more specific laboratory marker of APS. In a hospital-based study, we examined all(More)