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BACKGROUND The introduction of combination antiretroviral therapy and protease inhibitors has led to reports of falling mortality rates among people infected with HIV-1. We examined the change in these mortality rates of HIV-1-infected patients across Europe during 1994-98, and assessed the extent to which changes can be explained by the use of new(More)
This study was conducted to investigate the usefulness of organ-specific autoantibodies as possible markers for reproductive failure. Antithyroid and antiovarian autoantibody concentrations were measured in 78 patients with mechanical or unexplained infertility that were enrolled in an in-vitro fertilization (IVF)/embryo transfer programme with follow-up of(More)
Detection of low-abundance drug resistance mutations (DRMs) of HIV-1 is an evolving approach in clinical practice. Ultradeep pyrosequencing has shown to be effective in detecting such mutations. The lack of a standardized commercially based assay limits the wide use of this method in clinical settings. 454 Life Sciences (Roche) is developing an HIV(More)
Acute allergic blepharoconjunctivitis with mucopurulent discharge due to phenylephrine eye drops is reported. The reaction begins 3-4 hours after drug application, persists for 12 hours and regresses gradually within 72 hours. This clinical picture occurs with a phenylephrine concentration as low as 0.1%. Conjunctival biopsy of the inflamed eyes reveals(More)
In a group of 520 patients undergoing chronic hemodialysis, 23 (4. 4%) were enzyme immunoassay (EIA) positive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and indeterminate by Western blot (IWB) analysis. The antibodies were mostly directed against p24 and p55 antigens. A comparison between hemodialysis patients with and without IWB showed significant differences(More)
BACKGROUND This study compared the incidence of fatal and nonfatal AIDS and non-AIDS events in HIV-positive individuals with a CD4 cell count more than 350  cells/μl among viral load strata: low (<500  copies/ml), intermediate (500-9999.9  copies/ml) and high (≥ 10000  copies/ml). METHODS Individuals contributed person-years at risk if their most recent(More)
Uncovering primary target antigens in multiple sclerosis (MS) is of major significance for understanding the etiology and pathophysiology of the disease, and for designing immunospecific therapy. In this study, a synthetic peptide representing a predicted T cell epitope on myelin oligodendrocytic basic protein (MOBP) was found to be encephalitogenic in(More)
The complexity of bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) has motivated the search for noninvasive methodology to retrieve specimens for detecting the presence of various pulmonary diseases. Induced sputum (IS) has been shown to be a reliable tool in terms of sensitivity and specificity comparable to BAL. Investigators from institutions worldwide have published(More)
Understanding the dynamics of the humoral immune response to HIV epitopes in the presence of genetic drift and antigenic variation of the virus may reveal critical elements of protective immunity against HIV. Analysis of antibody maturation and diversity is difficult to study at the molecular level in humans. We used a combinatorial phage display peptide(More)
CD14, a lipopolysaccharide (LPS) receptor, is present on the surface membrane of phagocytic leukocytes; it is also present in a soluble form in serum. Recently published results confer to this molecule novel functions that are linked to T-cell activation and to apoptosis. We report here that we have defined and characterized a novel lymphocyte population in(More)