Israel Robinson

Learn More
During early mouse development the homeobox gene Hesx1 is expressed in prospective forebrain tissue, but later becomes restricted to Rathke's pouch, the primordium of the anterior pituitary gland. Mice lacking Hesx1 exhibit variable anterior CNS defects and pituitary dysplasia. Mutants have a reduced prosencephalon, anopthalmia or micropthalmia, defective(More)
We have previously shown that familial septo-optic dysplasia (SOD), a syndromic form of congenital hypopituitarism involving optic nerve hypoplasia and agenesis of midline brain structures, is associated with homozygosity for an inactivating mutation in the homeobox gene HESX1/Hesx1 in man and mouse. However, as most SOD/congenital hypopituitarism occurs(More)
Synthetic GH secretagogues (GHSs) act via a receptor (GHS-R) distinct from that for GH-releasing hormone (GHRH). We have studied the hypothalamic expression and regulation of this receptor by in situ hybridization using a homologous riboprobe for rat GHS-R. GHS-R mRNA is prominently expressed in arcuate (ARC) and ventromedial nuclei (VMN) and in(More)
The clearance of neurohypophysial peptides from cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in conscious unrestrained guinea pigs. 125I-labelled peptides were detectable in the cisterna magna within 2 min of their intracerebroventricular injection, reaching peak concentrations 10-15 min post-injection and declining exponentially over the next hour. 125I-oxytocin (125I-OT)(More)
The pubertal development of a novel GH-deficient mutant, the dwarf rat, has been evaluated. The establishment of normal spermatogenic function within small testes suggests that GH plays no role in spermatogenic function during puberty and adult life. However, a reduction in testicular size may reflect a reduced Sertoli cell population, suggesting that GH(More)
BACKGROUND Disability scores, such as the Functional Independence Measure (FIM) and Barthel Index, have been shown to correlate with care needs but cannot be used to assess them directly, as they do not indicate the number of people required to help with a task, nor the time taken. The Northwick Park Dependency Score (NPDS) is an ordinal scale that can be(More)
GH-releasing hexapeptide (GHRP-6) is a synthetic secretagogue that stimulates the release of GH by acting at both hypothalamic and pituitary sites. GHRPs also consistently elicit small, but significant, increases in plasma concentrations of ACTH and adrenal steroids. As these secretagogues do not release ACTH directly, they probably interact with the(More)
Mutations in animals have provided insight into many aspects of normal and pathological human physiology. This paper reports the discovery and initial characterization of a new mutant dwarf rat. The mutation, inherited as an autosomal recessive, arose spontaneously in a breeding colony of Lewis rats at the Medical Research Council Cellular Immunology Unit,(More)
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) obtained from the cisterna magna of conscious unrestrained guinea-pigs was assayed for oxytocin (OT), vasopressin (AVP) and neurophysin (NP). Basal levels of OT and AVP were approximately 5 and 15 fmol/ml, respectively, whereas NP levels were considerably higher (around 1 pmol/ml); there was no significant differences between(More)
Mortality statistics in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), which is more commonly and generally termed motoneurone disease (MND) in the United Kingdom, have been shown to reflect the incidence of previously diagnosed cases of the disease in a more complete way than in other conditions [1,2]. An analysis of changing patterns of mortality may therefore be a(More)