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The effect of dietary polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) concentration on body fat deposition and composition in broiler chickens was studied. Twenty-day-old birds were fed five isocaloric diets supplemented with different combinations of tallow and vegetable oils. Contents of abdominal adipose tissue (AAT) as well as body fat were determined at 40 days of(More)
Three experiments were conducted to study the effect of particle size obtained by grinding wheat and sorghum in a hammer mill (HM) or roller mill (RM) on broiler performance. Broilers were fed a mash diet or crumbles to 4 wk of age, then pellets to 7 wk of age. When fed as a mash, diets produced with RM-ground grain improved performance. The effect of(More)
Adult male rats, either intact (N) or bearing complete hypothalamic deafferentations (CHD), were injected with Δ1-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC: 5 mg/kg BW, IP). Forty-five minutes later, they were decapitated and trunk blood was collected for serum ACTH and corticosterone (CS) determinations. In the N animals, serum levels of both ACTH and CS were markedly(More)
Chickens from three genetic stocks known to differ in growth potential consumed ad libitum either a single (control) diet or a choice of two diets that differed in protein and energy. Formulation of the choice diets was such that when mixed in specific proportions they provided single diets that decreased in protein and increased in energy over the(More)
1. Body weight and the weight of the digestive organs and activities of some digestive enzymes were determined from hatching to 23 d of age. 2. Relative daily growth rate peaked at 11 d of age (22% gain/d) and then decreased gradually. 3. The vitelline residue was decreased rapidly from 4.6 g at hatching to negligible values from 4 d of age. 4. Maximal(More)
The dietary requirements for protein and amino acids of the growing gosling (0-7 weeks) were calculated according to body composition, maintenance needs and the absorption rate of amino acids from feeds. The diets were formulated by least-cost linear programming, using the calculated requirements for amino acids, with or without minimal glycine + serine(More)
Responses to stunting syndrome (SS) infective material obtained from affected broilers and administered per os were monitored for 3 wk in a fast-growing commercial broiler population, in slow-growing Leghorn chicks, and in turkey poults. At 2 and 3 wk, the size of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) segments, the pH of the GIT contents, and the activities of(More)
Five 7-day-old Frisian bull calves, raised in Israel received twice a day a mixture of 40 g of soybean concentrate (65% protein) and 80 g of one of the following carbohydrates: glucose (G), expanded (heat-treated) (ES) or untreated (US) corn starch. In the afternoon the calves received in addition 400 g of milk replacer. Until weaning at experimental day(More)
The binding of 125I-melatonin to synaptosomes prepared from whole brains of male rats of the CD strain and from the brain, hypothalamus and striatum of male rats of the Sabra-Wistar strain was assessed throughout a 24 h period. The animals were maintained under a daily schedule of 14 h light (05:00-19:00 h) and 10 h darkness. In whole brain preparations the(More)