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Adipose tissue (AT) can accumulate macrophages and secrete several inflammatory mediators. Despite its pivotal role in the progression of chronic inflammatory processes such as atherosclerosis, the adaptive role of immunity in obesity remains poorly explored. Visceral AT of diet-induced obese C57BL/6 mice had higher numbers of both CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells(More)
BACKGROUND T-cell-mediated immunity contributes to the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis, but little is known about how these responses are regulated. We explored the influence of the inducible costimulatory molecule (ICOS) on atherosclerosis and associated immune responses. METHODS AND RESULTS Bone marrow chimeras were generated by transplanting(More)
Adipose tissue (AT) can accumulate macrophages and secrete several inflammatory mediators. Despite its pivotal role in the progression of chronic inflammatory processes such as atherosclerosis, the adaptive role of immunity in obesity remains poorly explored. Visceral AT of diet-induced obese C57BL/6 mice had higher numbers of both CD4 and CD8 T cells than(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM In glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency, the enzyme is deficient in liver cells as well as in erythrocytes. It has been suggested that this may be associated with a more severe clinical presentation of acute viral hepatitis A. The aim of this study is to determine the severity of liver disease in patients with viral(More)
AIMS Vitamin D deficiency is a highly prevalent, global phenomenon. The prevalence in heart failure (HF) patients and its effect on outcome are less clear. We evaluated vitamin D levels and vitamin D supplementation in patients with HF and its effect on mortality. METHODS AND RESULTS 25-Hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] levels were evaluated in HF patients from(More)
Evidence from many human and rodent studies has established that T lymphocytes enhance inflammation in atherosclerotic plaques and contribute to lesion progression and remodeling. Recent work also indicates that regulatory T cells are important in limiting proatherogenic T-cell responses. Given the important role of T cells in atherosclerosis, there is a(More)
Recent reports suggest dyslipidemia impairs dendritic cell (DC) function and adaptive immunity. This study aimed to characterize the effect of hypercholesterolemia on antigen-presenting cell function of DCs and DC-dependent CD4(+) T-cell responses. DCs incubated in vitro with acetylated low-density lipoprotein cholesterol with or without an acyl-coenzyme(More)
Oral tolerance is the induction of immunological hyporesponsiveness towards orally administered antigens. Tolerance initiation involves induction of anti-inflammatory (Th2) lymphocytes, with downregulation of pro-inflammatory (Th1) lymphocytes. The liver was previously shown to play a critical role in oral tolerance induction. The aim of the present study(More)
Oral tolerance is a recognized procedure for induction of antigen-specific peripheral immune hyporesponsiveness. Recently, it has been shown that oral tolerance can be used to prevent experimental colitis. The aim of this study was to test whether induction of oral tolerance toward proteins extracted from inflammatory and noninflammatory colons can(More)
BACKGROUND Sarcoidosis is a chronic multisystem disorder characterized by an exaggerated cellular immune response to antigens with the production of various antibodies including rheumatoid factor and antinuclear antibodies (ANA). The prevalence and significance of antibodies to double-stranded DNA (anti-dsDNA) in sarcoid patients is unknown. The occurrence(More)