Israel Gotsman

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Adipose tissue (AT) can accumulate macrophages and secrete several inflammatory mediators. Despite its pivotal role in the progression of chronic inflammatory processes such as atherosclerosis, the adaptive role of immunity in obesity remains poorly explored. Visceral AT of diet-induced obese C57BL/6 mice had higher numbers of both CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells(More)
BACKGROUND T-cell-mediated immunity contributes to the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis, but little is known about how these responses are regulated. We explored the influence of the inducible costimulatory molecule (ICOS) on atherosclerosis and associated immune responses. METHODS AND RESULTS Bone marrow chimeras were generated by transplanting(More)
AIMS Vitamin D deficiency is a highly prevalent, global phenomenon. The prevalence in heart failure (HF) patients and its effect on outcome are less clear. We evaluated vitamin D levels and vitamin D supplementation in patients with HF and its effect on mortality. METHODS AND RESULTS 25-Hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] levels were evaluated in HF patients from(More)
Adipose tissue (AT) can accumulate macrophages and secrete several inflammatory mediators. Despite its pivotal role in the progression of chronic inflammatory processes such as atherosclerosis, the adaptive role of immunity in obesity remains poorly explored. Visceral AT of diet-induced obese C57BL/6 mice had higher numbers of both CD4 and CD8 T cells than(More)
BACKGROUND PD-L1 and PD-L2 are ligands for the inhibitory receptor programmed death-1 (PD-1), which is an important regulator of immune responses. PD-L1 is induced on cardiac endothelial cells under inflammatory conditions, but little is known about its role in regulating immune injury in the heart. METHODS AND RESULTS Cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-mediated(More)
Evidence from many human and rodent studies has established that T lymphocytes enhance inflammation in atherosclerotic plaques and contribute to lesion progression and remodeling. Recent work also indicates that regulatory T cells are important in limiting proatherogenic T-cell responses. Given the important role of T cells in atherosclerosis, there is a(More)
Oral tolerance is the induction of immunological hyporesponsiveness towards orally administered antigens. Tolerance initiation involves induction of anti-inflammatory (Th2) lymphocytes, with downregulation of pro-inflammatory (Th1) lymphocytes. The liver was previously shown to play a critical role in oral tolerance induction. The aim of the present study(More)
The association of hepatitis C virus (HCV) with neoplasia is not completely understood. Hepatitis C virus is hepatolymphotrophic. It is considered an inducing factor of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and is associated with various types of lymphomas. We describe a patient with HCV cirrhosis who developed gastric lymphoma and HCC, and we review the current(More)
The risk of death in heart failure (HF) is high. The electrocardiographic spatial QRS-T angle reflects changes in the direction of the repolarization sequence and predicts death in the general population. The frontal QRS-T angle is simple to measure but has not been evaluated in a large chronic HF cohort. We examined the significance of the frontal QRS-T(More)
BACKGROUND Sarcoidosis is a chronic multisystem disorder characterized by an exaggerated cellular immune response to antigens with the production of various antibodies including rheumatoid factor and antinuclear antibodies (ANA). The prevalence and significance of antibodies to double-stranded DNA (anti-dsDNA) in sarcoid patients is unknown. The occurrence(More)