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The loading dosage of intravenous valproate required to achieve a desired serum concentration in neonates is not known. Two neonates with seizures received loading doses of intravenous valproate over 30 minutes. Serum valproate concentrations were measured 45 minutes and 3 hours after initiation of the infusion. Both neonates had received phenobarbital and(More)
Obstetrical brachial plexus injury occurs when the forces preventing the stretch of the brachial plexus are overcome by the forces stretching it. This report describes an 8-day-old male delivered by uncomplicated cesarean section with right obstetrical brachial plexus palsy and congenital arm atrophy. The patient had a history of decreased right arm(More)
Two children developed severe cognitive and behavioral deterioration suggestive of a degenerative disease while being treated with sodium valproate for idiopathic, localization-related epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed marked central and generalized cortical and cerebellar atrophy. In both patients, clinical symptoms(More)
INTRODUCTION A literature review using the term Ohtahara syndrome and early infantile epileptic encephalopathy revealed 51 cases. DEVELOPMENT The characteristics of these cases were: 1) early onset of seizures; 2) tonic seizures; 3) poor response to treatment; 4) mental retardation; 5) poor prognosis; 6) burst-suppression EEG pattern; 7) evolution to West(More)
The purpose of this report is to discuss the association of brachial plexus palsy and congenital deformations. We reviewed all charts of patients less than 1 year of age with obstetrical brachial plexus palsy evaluated by one of the authors (IA) between January 1998 and October 2005 at Miami Children's Hospital Brachial Plexus Center. Of 158 patients with(More)
Focal upper extremity neuropathies are common in neonates. The brachial plexus is the most common site involved. Brachial plexus injuries may involve different structures, thus producing different clinical presentations: complete brachial plexus palsy, Duchenne-Erb palsy, upper-middle trunk brachial plexus palsy, Klumpke palsy, fascicular brachial plexus(More)
AIMS Demand from parents has made hyperbaric oxygenation (HO) inhalation the most popular and rapid growing therapy for children with cerebral palsy (CP). To review peer reviewed articles of HO in children with CP to determine its efficacy and risks, literature was searched on-line using PubMed indexed for MEDLINE (1996-2003) for articles under CP and HO(More)
We report 2 patients with obstetrical brachial plexus palsy, ipsilateral leg weakness, and contralateral motor cortical dysplasia. To our knowledge, this is the first description of such an association. In both cases, the diagnosis of obstetrical brachial plexus palsy was established clinically shortly after birth and later confirmed neurophysiologically.(More)
Eleven children ranging in age from 9 to 21 months underwent late nerve reconstruction for persistent shoulder paralysis following an upper brachial plexus birth injury. Only neurolysis was performed in three patients. Neurolysis and nerve grafting bypassing the neuroma with proximal and distal end-to-side repairs was performed in the other eight. All(More)