Israel Alfonso

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The loading dosage of intravenous valproate required to achieve a desired serum concentration in neonates is not known. Two neonates with seizures received loading doses of intravenous valproate over 30 minutes. Serum valproate concentrations were measured 45 minutes and 3 hours after initiation of the infusion. Both neonates had received phenobarbital and(More)
The purpose of this report is to discuss the association of brachial plexus palsy and congenital deformations. We reviewed all charts of patients less than 1 year of age with obstetrical brachial plexus palsy evaluated by one of the authors (IA) between January 1998 and October 2005 at Miami Children's Hospital Brachial Plexus Center. Of 158 patients with(More)
Two children developed severe cognitive and behavioral deterioration suggestive of a degenerative disease while being treated with sodium valproate for idiopathic, localization-related epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed marked central and generalized cortical and cerebellar atrophy. In both patients, clinical symptoms(More)
Focal upper extremity neuropathies are common in neonates. The brachial plexus is the most common site involved. Brachial plexus injuries may involve different structures, thus producing different clinical presentations: complete brachial plexus palsy, Duchenne-Erb palsy, upper-middle trunk brachial plexus palsy, Klumpke palsy, fascicular brachial plexus(More)
We report the medication management of electroencephalographic status epilepticus with subtle clinical manifestations in a young infant while simultaneously recording electroencephalographic activity and cerebral regional oxygen saturation (rSO(2)) index using near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS). We found that antiepileptic drugs equally influence the(More)
Brain single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) findings during clinical and subclinical seizures were compared in two neonates with hemimegalencephaly. Interictal and ictal brain SPECT were performed in two neonates. The ictal studies were performed during a clinical seizure in one neonate and during a subclinical seizure in another neonate. They(More)
INTRODUCTION School-age children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, combined type (ADHD-C) have executive function (EF) alterations. ADHD-C and EF alterations improve with methylphenidate or after training of working memory. AIM To determine EF training effect on ADHD-C and EF alterations in preschoolers. SUBJECTS AND METHODS INCLUSION(More)
The association of cervicothoracic extradural arachnoid cysts and obstetric brachial plexus palsy has not previously been reported. We report two patients with this association. The first patient is a 9-month-old boy with left obstetric brachial plexus palsy that developed bilateral leg weakness at 6 months of age owing to compression of the spinal cord by(More)