Isobel A Scarisbrick

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The human kallikreins are a large multigene family of closely related serine-type proteases. In this regard, they are similar to the multigene kallikrein families characterized in mice and rats. There is a much more extensive body of knowledge regarding the function of mouse and rat kallikreins in comparison with the human kallikreins. Human kallikrein 6(More)
We have identified a novel serine protease, myelencephalon-specific protease (MSP), which is preferentially expressed in the adult CNS, and therein, is abundant in both neurones and oligodendroglia. To determine the potential activity of MSP in CNS demyelination, we examined its expression in multiple sclerosis lesions and in two animal models of multiple(More)
The objective of this study was to define the potential scope of action of tissue kallikreins in T cell-mediated disease of the CNS. We demonstrate quantitatively the differential expression of all 15 human tissue kallikreins within brain, spinal cord and immune compartments. In human Jurkat T cells we demonstrate differential regulation of select(More)
A full-length cDNA clone of a previously unidentified serine protease, myelencephalon-specific protease (MSP), has been isolated by using a PCR cloning strategy and has been shown to be expressed in a nervous system and spinal cord-specific pattern. Sequence analysis demonstrated that MSP is most similar in sequence to neuropsin, trypsin, and tissue(More)
Serine proteinases like thrombin can signal to cells by the cleavage/activation of proteinase-activated receptors (PARs). Although thrombin is a recognized physiological activator of PAR(1) and PAR(4), the endogenous enzymes responsible for activating PAR(2) in settings other than the gastrointestinal system, where trypsin can activate PAR(2), are unknown.(More)
The human kallikrein (KLK)-related peptidases are the largest family of serine peptidases, comprising 15 members (KLK1-15) and with the majority (KLK4-15) being identified only within the last decade. Members of this family are associated with important diseased states (including cancer, inflammation, and neurodegeneration) and have been utilized or(More)
The expression of NGF, brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and neurotrophin-3 (NT-3) mRNAs was examined in whole rat embryos and in the heart and great vessels of postnatal and adult rats, using in situ hybridization of cRNA probes. The patterns of expression were correlated with innervation patterns as revealed by immunostaining for neural cell(More)
The goal of the present investigation was to determine the regional and cellular specific expression patterns of the newly identified serine protease, myelencephalon-specific protease (MSP), in the adult human brain (Scarisbrick et al. [1997b] J. Neurosci. 17:8156-8168). To assess the potential scope of MSP activity, Northern blot techniques were used to(More)
Kallikrein 6 (K6, MSP) is a newly identified member of the Kallikrein family of serine proteases that is preferentially expressed in the adult central nervous system (CNS). We have previously demonstrated that K6 is abundantly expressed by inflammatory cells at sites of CNS inflammation and demyelination in animal models of multiple sclerosis (MS) and in(More)
Human kallikreins are serine proteases that comprise a recently identified large and closely related 15-member family. The kallikreins include both regulatory- and degradative-type proteases, impacting a variety of physiological processes including regulation of blood pressure, neuronal health, and the inflammatory response. While the function of the(More)