Isobel A. Russell

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Transition into the adult health care system is crucial for patients with congenital heart disease (CHD), as well as for adolescents with many other chronic conditions. Indeed, “arranging efficient and caring transfer for adolescents from pediatric to adult care (is). . .one of the great challenges facing pediatrics—and indeed the health care services—in(More)
Introduction and Overview When expertly utilized, perioperative echocardiography can lead to improved outcome in patients requiring cardiovascular surgery and in those suffering perioperative cardiovascular instability. However, prior publications have not specified the requisite training for perioperative echocardiography. Therefore, the American Society(More)
UNLABELLED We tested the hypothesis that sevoflurane is a safer and more effective anesthetic than halothane during the induction and maintenance of anesthesia for infants and children with congenital heart disease undergoing cardiac surgery. With a background of fentanyl (5 microg/kg bolus, then 5 microg. kg(-1). h(-1)), the two inhaled anesthetics were(More)
Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) is sometimes used in renal cell carcinoma excision for evaluating the extension of tumor in the inferior vena cava (IVC), characterizing the tumor anatomy, monitoring the tumor during surgical mobilization, and assessing cardiac function. Although the risk for embolization is small, when embolization does occur, its(More)
UNLABELLED The role of inhaled nitric oxide in the immediate post-bypass period after surgical repair of congenital heart disease is uncertain. In a controlled, randomized, double-blind study, we tested the hypothesis that inhaled nitric oxide (NO) would reduce pulmonary hypertension immediately after surgical repair of congenital heart disease in 40(More)
BACKGROUND Roughly, 10% of elderly patients develop postoperative cognitive dysfunction. General anesthesia impairs spatial memory in aged rats, but the mechanism is not known. Hippocampal neurogenesis affects spatial learning and memory in rats, and isoflurane affects neurogenesis in neonatal and young adult rats. We tested the hypothesis that isoflurane(More)
UNLABELLED Defects within the interatrial septum (IAS) can be a source of significant right-to-left shunting and hypoxemia, particularly after placement of a left ventricular assist device (LVAD). We report a case of LVAD placement in which an unrecognized IAS tear occurred intraoperatively, leading to profound arterial desaturation. Transesophageal(More)