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Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a hypoxia-inducible endothelial cell mitogen and survival factor. Its receptor VEGFR-2 (KDR/Flk-1) mediates these effects. We studied the expression of VEGF and VEGFR-2 in ischemic human and rabbit skeletal muscle by immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization. Human samples were obtained from eight lower limb(More)
Previous studies have shown that fibroblast growth factor (FGF)-1, FGF-2, and FGF-5 induce therapeutic angiogenesis. Here, we investigated the potential of FGF-4 for therapeutic neovascularization in comparison to vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), using adenoviral gene transfer in a novel rabbit hind limb ischemia model, with ischemia restricted to(More)
Currently, no effective pharmacological treatment is available for vascularisation defects in lower limbs. Many patients presenting with persistent pain and ischaemic ulcers are not suitable candidates for surgical or endovascular approaches. Further refinement of the available methods will undoubtedly lead to a more active approach towards treatment of(More)
Members of the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) family are among the most powerful modulators of vascular biology. They regulate vasculogenesis, angiogenesis, and vascular maintenance during embryogenesis and in adults. Because of their profound effects on blood vessels, VEGFs have received much attention regarding their potential therapeutic use(More)
A better understanding of atherogenesis at the level of gene expression could lead to the identification of new therapeutic strategies for vascular diseases. With DNA array technology, it is possible to identify multiple, simultaneous changes in gene expression in small tissue samples from atherosclerotic arteries. We analyzed gene expression in normal(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies have suggested the therapeutic potential of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) gene therapy in ischemic skeletal muscle. However, only limited information is available about the effects of VEGF gene therapy in different regions of ischemic limbs, effects of control adenoviruses, and biodistribution of the transgenes after(More)
Critical lower limb ischemia is a common cause for amputation. To develop new therapeutic strategies, more information is needed about molecular mechanisms of tissue responses to ischemic stress and factors inducing angiogenesis. Using a DNA array of 8400 genes, gene expression patterns in human skeletal muscle samples collected from lower limbs amputated(More)
The aim of the present experiment was to study the effects of a low dose (0.001 mg/kg) of guanfacine, alpha-2 agonist, on the acquisition and retention of a water maze task measuring spatial reference memory in young and aged rats. Aged rats were impaired in the acquisition of this task. Both young and aged rats treated with guanfacine had shorter escape(More)
OBJECTIVE Vascular endothelial growth factor-D (VEGF-D) is a recently characterized member of the VEGF family, but its expression in atherosclerotic lesions remains unknown. We studied the expression of VEGF-D and its receptors (VEGFR-2 and VEGFR-3) in normal and atherosclerotic human arteries, and compared that to the expression pattern of VEGF-A. (More)
AIMS Currently, it is still unclear which mechanisms drive metabolic benefits after angiogenic gene therapy. The side-effect profile of efficient angiogenic gene therapy is also currently incompletely understood. In this study, the effects of increasing doses of adenoviral (Ad) vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGF-A) were evaluated on vascular growth,(More)