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This paper presents a simplified model using a fuzzy logic approach for predicting the serviceability of reinforced concrete (RC) beams strengthened with near surface mounted (NSM) reinforcement. Existing analytical models lack proper formulations for the prediction of deflection and crack width in NSM strengthened beams. These existing models are based on… (More)
Negative Bias Temperature Instability (NBTI) is a prime reliability issue for micro and nano-scale semi-conductor devices. Due to continuous device scaling, NBTI effect has become more severe than before and affected device life-time. Memory devices like SRAMs are tremendously affected by NBTI as the PMOS transistor gate is connected at `0' logic for a long… (More)
The natural outcome of the most striking similarity between the second laws of blackhole mechanics and thermodynamics is blackhole entropy. In this paper we discuss the evidence of blackhole entropy and the linearity relation between blackhole entropy to its horizon area. Finally, using thermodynamic relations we obtain Bekenstein-Hawking entropy, Hawking… (More)
In blackhole physics, the statistical dynamical description of the concept of blackhole entropy is still absence. In this paper, we discuss this problem and sets a number of questions about blackhole entropy whose complete answers are not available at present.
Bacterial blight (BB) is caused by Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae (Xoo), a most destructive disease of rice, mostly in Asia, including Bangladesh. Altogether 96 isolates of Xoo were collected from 19 rice-growing districts of Bangladesh in both the rain-fed and irrigated seasons of 2014 to assess their pathotypic and genetic variation. Pathotypic analyses… (More)