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This study examined the possibility that membrane phospholipids might be a source of choline used for acetylcholine (ACh) synthesis. Slices of rat striatum or cerebellum were superfused with a choline-free or choline-containing (10, 20 or 40 microM) physiological solution with eserine, for alternating 20 min periods of rest or electrical stimulation.(More)
Twelve mildly hypertensive but otherwise normal fasting subjects received each of four treatments in random order: CDP-choline (citicoline; 500, 2000, and 4000 mg) or a placebo orally at 8:00 a.m. on four different treatment days. Eleven plasma samples from each subject, obtained just prior to treatment (8:00 a.m.) and 1-12 hr thereafter, were assayed for(More)
The synthesis of brain phosphatidylcholine may utilize three circulating precursors: choline; a pyrimidine (e.g., uridine, converted via UTP to brain CTP); and a PUFA (e.g., docosahexaenoic acid); phosphatidylethanolamine may utilize two of these, a pyrimidine and a PUFA. We observe that consuming these precursors can substantially increase membrane(More)
New brain synapses form when a postsynaptic structure, the dendritic spine, interacts with a presynaptic terminal. Brain synapses and dendritic spines, membrane-rich structures, are depleted in Alzheimer's disease, as are some circulating compounds needed for synthesizing phosphatides, the major constituents of synaptic membranes. Animals given three of(More)
We examined the effects of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA), a glutamate agonist, and of glutamate itself, on acetylcholine (ACh) release from superfused rat striatal slices. In a Mg(++)-free medium, NMDA (32-1000 microM) as well as glutamate (1 mM) increased basal ACh release by 35 to 100% (all indicated differences, P less than .05), without altering tissue(More)
BACKGROUND Citicoline has been shown to have beneficial effects in a variety of CNS injury models. The aim of this study was to test the effects of citicoline on nerve regeneration and scarring in a rat model of peripheral nerve surgery. METHODS Seventy adult Sprague-Dawley rats underwent a surgical procedure involving right sciatic nerve section and(More)
Although cognitive performance in humans and experimental animals can be improved by administering omega-3 fatty acid docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), the neurochemical mechanisms underlying this effect remain uncertain. In general, nutrients or drugs that modify brain function or behavior do so by affecting synaptic transmission, usually by changing the(More)
The present study was designed to test the effects of CDP-choline and its metabolites on serum insulin concentrations in rats and to investigate the involvements of cholinergic and adrenergic receptors in the effect. Intraperitoneal (i.p.) administration of CDP-choline (200-600 micromol/kg) increased serum insulin in a dose- and time-related manner.(More)
In the present study, both the effects of intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) injection of cytidine-5'-diphosphate choline (CDP-choline) on plasma vasopressin levels and the choline involvement of these effects were investigated. I.c.v. administration of CDP-choline (0.5, 1.0 and 2.0 micromol) increased plasma vasopressin levels dose- and time-dependently.(More)