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One-cell CF-1 x B6SJLF1/J embryos, which usually exhibit a 2-cell block to development in vitro, have been cultured to the blastocyst stage using CZB medium and a glucose washing procedure. CZB medium is a further modification of modified BMOC-2 containing an increased lactate/pyruvate ratio of 116, 1 mM-glutamine and 0.1 mM-EDTA but lacking glucose.(More)
One-cell embryos from several different strains of mice have been cultured to the blastocyst stage in CZB medium. CZB medium can be used to culture CF1 x B6SJLF1/J 1-cell embryos to the blastocyst stage provided glucose is introduced into the medium on Day 3 of culture. The amount of glucose required for embryo development was titrated using a concentration(More)
The neurotoxicity of MDMA or "Ecstasy" in rats is selectively serotonergic, while in mice it is both dopaminergic and serotonergic. MDMA metabolism may play a key role in this neurotoxicity. The function of serotonin and dopamine transporter and the effect of MDMA and its metabolites on them are essential to understand MDMA neurotoxicity. The aim of the(More)
We report the role of mitochondria in the protective effects of curcumin, a well-known direct and indirect antioxidant, against the renal oxidant damage induced by the hexavalent chromium [Cr(VI)] compound potassium dichromate (K(2)Cr(2)O(7)) in rats. Curcumin was given daily by gavage using three different schemes: (1) complete treatment (100, 200, and 400(More)
This position paper states the point of view of the authors about the problems and some possible solutions about integrating and making effective the work of Software Engineers and HCI professionals. These two groups of people use quite different jargon and tools to build User Interfaces. Try to bridging the gap and improve the communication between these(More)
The endocannabinoid system (ECS) is involved in a considerable number of physiological processes in the Central Nervous System. Recently, a modulatory role of cannabinoid receptors (CBr) and CBr agonists on the reduction of the N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor (NMDAr) activation has been demonstrated. Quinolinic acid (QUIN), an endogenous analog of glutamate(More)
Kynurenic acid (KYNA) is an endogenous metabolite of the kynurenine pathway for tryptophan degradation and an antagonist of both N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) and alpha-7 nicotinic acetylcholine (α7nACh) receptors. KYNA has also been shown to scavenge hydroxyl radicals (OH) under controlled conditions of free radical production. In this work we evaluated the(More)
Titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO(2) NPs) are used in an increasing number of human products such as cosmetics, sunscreen, toothpaste and paints. However, there is clear evidence about effects associated to TiO(2) NPs exposure, which include lung inflammation and tumor formation and these effects are related to reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation. The(More)
OBJECTIVES Cisplatin (CP) is an antineoplastic agent that induces nephrotoxicity and oxidative stress. S-allylcysteine (SAC) is a garlic-derived antioxidant. This study aims to explore whether SAC protects against CP-induced nephrotoxicity in rats. METHODS In the first stage, the SAC protective dose was determined by measuring renal damage and the(More)
We hypothesize that 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) and methamphetamine (METH) interact with alpha-7 nicotinic receptors (nAChR). Here we examine whether memantine (MEM), an antagonist of NMDAR and alpha-7 nAChR, prevents MDMA and METH neurotoxicity. MEM prevented both serotonergic injury induced by MDMA in rat and dopaminergic lesion by METH in(More)