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Frontotemporal dementia is a dementia syndrome with diverse clinical characteristics. Based upon clinical parameters and single photon emission computed tomography, we identified 47 frontotemporal dementia subjects. In 10 of these 47 the primary site of brain dysfunction was anterior temporal and orbital-frontal with other frontal regions relatively spared.(More)
The clinical, neuropsychological, and cerebral blood flow characteristics of eight patients with frontal lobe degeneration (FLD) were studied. Social withdrawal and behavioral disinhibition were the earliest and most common clinical presentations, and psychiatric symptoms typically preceded the onset of dementia by several years. Neuropsychological testing(More)
Research indicates that cocaine significantly constricts the cerebral vasculature and can lead to ischemic brain infarction. Long-term effects of intermittent or casual cocaine use in patients without symptoms of stroke or transient ischemic attack were investigated. Single-photon emission computed tomography with xenon-133 and(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the frequency and types of change in "self" seen in frontotemporal dementia (FTD) and to determine the relative involvement of the nondominant and dominant frontal and temporal brain regions in FTD patients with or without changes in a sense of self using neuropsychology tests and neuroimaging. BACKGROUND The self has been defined as(More)
We previously reported increased regional cerebral cortical uptake and decreased caudate nucleus uptake of 99mTc-HMPAO in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder(OCD) before treatment compared to matched normal controls. In the present study, we determined whether or not these changes persisted during treatment. Single-photon emission computed(More)
To evaluate the significance of myocardial contusion, we evaluated 243 stable patients hospitalized for blunt chest trauma between 1982 and 1986. The groups were identified according to results of radionuclide angiography, mean injury severity score (ISS), and outcome. Group I (n = 71; mean ISS = 12.7) patients were those without myocardial contusion by(More)
The occurrence of weight gain, sweet and carbohydrate craving, hyposexuality, and compulsions in frontal lobe dementia (FLD) compared to Alzheimer's disease (AD) was evaluated. FLD is a progressive dementia with a high rate of misdiagnosis and therefore better diagnostic criteria for FLD are needed. Fourteen patients meeting research criteria for AD were(More)