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The scarcity of usable nitrogen frequently limits plant growth. A tight metabolic association with rhizobial bacteria allows legumes to obtain nitrogen compounds by bacterial reduction of dinitrogen (N2) to ammonium (NH4+). We present here the annotated DNA sequence of the alpha-proteobacterium Sinorhizobium meliloti, the symbiont of alfalfa. The tripartite(More)
Analysis of the 1,683,333-nt sequence of the pSymB megaplasmid from the symbiotic N(2)-fixing bacterium Sinorhizobium meliloti revealed that the replicon has a high gene density with a total of 1,570 protein-coding regions, with few insertion elements and regions duplicated elsewhere in the genome. The only copies of an essential arg-tRNA gene and the(More)
Ensifer adhaerens is a soil bacterium that attaches to other bacteria and may cause lysis of these other bacteria. Based on the sequence of its small-subunit rRNA gene, E. adhaerens is related to Sinorhizobium spp. E. adhaerens ATCC 33499 did not nodulate Phaseolus vulgaris (bean) or Leucaena leucocephala, but with symbiotic plasmids from Rhizobium tropici(More)
We determined the nucleotide sequences of 16S rRNA gene segments from five Rhizobium strains that have been isolated from tropical legume species. All share the capacity to nodulate Phaseolus vulgaris L., the common bean. Phylogenetic analysis confirmed that these strains are of two different chromosomal lineages. We defined the host ranges of two strains(More)
We determined the activities of selected enzymes involved in carbon metabolism in free-living cells of Rhizobium tropici CFN299 grown in minimal medium with different carbon sources and in bacteroids of the same strain. The set of enzymatic activities in sucrose-grown cells suggests that the pentose phosphate pathway, with the participation of the(More)
Two genes encoding citrate synthase, a key enzyme in the Krebs cycle, have been found in Rhizobium tropici. One of them is in the bacterial chromosome, while the other is in the symbiotic plasmid. We sequenced the chromosomal gene and found that it is very similar to the previously reported plasmidic gene sequence in its structural region but not in its(More)
OmpW of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium has been described as a minor porin involved in osmoregulation, and is also affected by environmental conditions. Biochemical and genetic evidence from our laboratory indicates that OmpW is involved in efflux of and resistance towards paraquat (PQ), and its expression has been shown to be activated in response(More)
Rhizobia are a group of bacteria that form nodules on the roots of legume host plants. The sequenced genomes of the rhizobia are characterized by the presence of many putative insertion sequences (IS) elements. However, it is unknown whether these IS elements are functional and it is therefore relevant to assess their transposition activity. In this work,(More)
The widespread replicons of repABC and repC families from alpha-proteobacteria share high similarity in their replication initiator proteins (RepC). Here we describe the minimal region required for stable replication of a member of the repC family, the low copy-number plasmid pRmeGR4a from Sinorizobium meliloti GR4. This region contains only two genes: one(More)
The genes encoding malate synthase (glcB) and isocitrate lyase (aceA) and a 240-bp open reading frame (SMc00767) located downstream of aceA were isolated and functionally characterized in Sinorhizobium meliloti. Independent and double interposon mutants of each gene were constructed, and the corresponding phenotypes were analyzed. aceA mutants failed to(More)