Ismael D Bianco

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Galectin-1 (Gal-1), a member of a family of beta-galactoside-binding proteins, has been suggested to play key roles in immunological and inflammatory processes. The present study deals with the concept of an in vivo role for Gal-1 in acute inflammation by using the rat hind paw edema test. Local administration of Gal-1 (0.5, 2, 4 and 8 microg/ml) inhibited(More)
Chitosan is a linear polymer of N-acetyl-D-glucosamine and deacetylated glucosamine widely used as a wound-healing accelerator in clinical and veterinary medicine. Chitosan enhances the functions of inflammatory cells such as macrophages (Mphi), inducing the production of cytokines as well as the expression of activation markers, Fc receptors and mannose(More)
Chitosan is a cationic polysaccharide derived from the partial deacetylation of chitin, which exhibits particular properties: interacts with negatively charged sites on the cell surface; changes the permeability of intestinal epithelium, enhancing the uptake of peptides and proteins; and activates leukocytes. Antigens coadministered or encapsulated with the(More)
The modulation by gangliosides GM1 and GD1a, and sulfatide (Sulf) of the activity of porcine pancreatic phospholipase A2 was studied with small unilamellar vesicles of dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (L-dpPC) and lipid monolayers of dilauroylphosphatidylcholine (L-dlPC). The presence of Sulf always led to an increase of the maximum rate of the enzymatic(More)
The effect of complex glycosphingolipids (gangliosides) on the activity of phospholipase C from Bacillus cereus was studied using lipid monolayers, mixed micelles and small unilamellar vesicles containing phosphatidylcholine as substrate. In all artificial membrane systems assayed, gangliosides exhibit qualitatively similar inhibitory properties.(More)
Dendritic cells (DC) have the potential to control the outcome of autoimmunity by modulating the immune response. In this study, we tested the ability of Fasciola hepatica total extract (TE) to induce tolerogenic properties in CpG-ODN (CpG) maturated DC, to then evaluate the therapeutic potential of these cells to diminish the inflammatory response in(More)
Two phospholipases A2 (PLA2) (EC 3.1.1.4) were purified from Bothrops neuwiedii venom (isoenzymes P-1 and P-2). The molecular weights of P-1 and P-2 as estimated by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis were 15,000 and 16,200 and the isoelectric points were 4.8 and 4.6, respectively. The N-terminal 14-amino-acid sequences determined were(More)
The presence of glycerol, free from surface-active impurities, modifies the molecular area, surface potential/molecule and thermodynamic parameters of compression of monolayers of galactosylceramide, sulphatide and gangliosides GM1, GD1a and GT1b. This may be due to changes of the composition and structural properties of the glycosphingolipid solvation(More)
Peptides of the corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) family have been shown to have either pro- or anti-inflammatory activities. CRF (10-30 micrograms/kg) administered subcutaneously or intravenously could inhibit edema and dye leakage in the rat paw produced by several injuries. These findings are opposed to some results suggesting a predominantly(More)
Oral administration of an antigen can result in local and systemic priming or tolerance and the basis of this dichotomy is poorly understood. The intestinal microenvironment, and factors such as nature of the antigen, dose, genetic background, uptake and concentration of the antigen that gain access to the internal milieu via the mucosa influence these(More)