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The relationship between the fluorescence lifetime (tau) and yield (Phi) obtained in phase and modulation fluorometry at 54 MHz during the chlorophyll fluorescence induction in dark-adapted leaves under low actinic light has been investigated. Three typical phases have been identified: (i) linear during the OI photochemical rise, (ii) convex curvature(More)
The early light-induced proteins (ELIPs) belong to the multigenic family of light-harvesting complexes, which bind chlorophyll and absorb solar energy in green plants. ELIPs accumulate transiently in plants exposed to high light intensities. By using an Arabidopsis thaliana mutant (chaos) affected in the posttranslational targeting of light-harvesting(More)
We report the first direct decomposition of the fluorescence lifetime heterogeneity during multiphasic fluorescence induction in dark-adapted leaves by multi-frequency phase and modulation fluorometry (PMF). A very fast component, assigned to photosystem I (PSI), was found to be constant in lifetime and yield, whereas the two slow components, which are(More)
Under natural sunlight illumination, the chlorophyll fluorescence emitted by the vegetation represents less than 3% of the reflected light in the near infrared part of the spectrum. This small amount is difficult to quantify except at certain wavelengths, where the solar spectrum is attenuated (Fraunhofer lines). An instrument measuring the in-filling of(More)
Dualex (dual excitation) is a field-portable instrument, hereby described, for the assessment of polyphenolic compounds in leaves from the measurement of UV absorbance of the leaf epidermis by double excitation of chlorophyll fluorescence. The instrument takes advantage of a feedback loop that equalizes the fluorescence level induced by a reference red(More)
A quantitative and comprehensive knowledge of leaf fluorescence is required for the interpretation of fluorescence signals at the canopy level and also for the modelling of leaf and canopy fluorescence. In this work we present full range fluorescence excitation and emission spectra of intact leaves, expressed in units of apparent spectral fluorescence(More)
The effect of leaf temperature (T), between 23 and 4 degrees C, on the chlorophyll (Chl) fluorescence spectral shape was investigated under moderate (200 microE m-2 s-1) and low (30-35 microE m-2 s-1) light intensities in Phaseolus vulgaris and Pisum sativum. With decreasing temperature, an increase in the fluorescence yield at both 685 and 735 nm was(More)
A time-resolved study of the effects of heat stress (23 to 50°C) on Fo level of chlorophyll fluorescence of leaves having different antenna content has been performed in order to elucidate the causes of heat induced increase of Fo in vivo. The multi-exponential deconvolution of the decays after a picosecond flash at Fo have shown that the best fit in both(More)
A newly developed nitrogen laser fluorimeter insensitive to actinic illumination was used to follow simultaneously the light induced changes in red and blue fluorescence of intact isolated spinach chloroplasts and leaf pieces. The recorded variable blue fluorescence was linked to a water soluble component of intact isolated chloroplasts, depended on(More)
Chlorophyll (Chl) and epidermal polyphenol (EPhen) contents were estimated in vivo using two optical leaf-clips, SPAD-502 and Dualex, respectively. The area-based measurements were transformed into mass-based data by taking into account the leaf dry mass per area (LMA). Measurements were performed on forest trees and on saplings grown under controlled(More)