Learn More
BACKGROUND Childhood urinary tract infection (UTI) with or without vesicoureteric reflux (VUR) may predispose to renal scarring. There is no clear consensus in the literature regarding imaging following UTI in infancy. AIMS To define the role of cystography following a first UTI in children aged under 1 year, when urinary tract ultrasonography (US) is(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the reproducibility of arterial spin labelling (ASL) and dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and quantitatively compare these techniques for the measurement of renal blood flow (RBF). METHODS Sixteen healthy volunteers were examined on two different occasions. ASL was performed using a multi-TI FAIR(More)
Nineteen survivors of congenital diaphragmatic hernia repair were compared with age and sex matched control children six to 11 years after repair. All subjects were examined clinically and underwent lung function testing. The patients also had individual lung volumes assessed radiographically and had radionuclide (krypton-81 m, technetium-99 m(More)
The detection or exclusion of vesico-ureteral reflux (VUR) has classically been by micturating cystourethrography (MCUG). Radionuclide cystography will detect VUR but fails to provide the same detailed anatomical informations as MCUG. This study allowed a comparison of indirect radionuclide cystography (IRC) and MCUG in 65 children. Renal reflux was(More)
A total of 112 patients (142 kidneys) presented with hydronephrosis consistent with ureteropelvic junction obstruction that had been diagnosed by prenatal ultrasound. The kidneys were classified as having poor, moderate or good function based on isotope imaging at 3 months after birth. Of 9 kidneys that showed poor function 3 recovered sufficient function(More)
OBJECTIVE To model the uptake phase of T(1)-weighted DCE-MRI data in normal kidneys and to demonstrate that the fitted physiological parameters correlate with published normal values. METHODS The model incorporates delay and broadening of the arterial vascular peak as it appears in the capillary bed, two distinct compartments for renal intravascular and(More)
OBJECTIVE This study, part of a continuing effort to understand the pathophysiology of the brain in early-onset anorexia nervosa, attempts to validate findings from an earlier study of regional cerebral blood flow and to correlate any abnormalities in blood flow with eating disorder psychopathology. METHOD Fifteen newly referred children and adolescents(More)
This is the first study of partial volume effect in quantifying renal function on dynamic contrast enhanced magnetic resonance imaging. Dynamic image data were acquired for a cohort of 10 healthy volunteers. Following respiratory motion correction, each voxel location was assigned a mixing vector representing the 'overspilling' contributions of each tissue(More)
Measurement of absolute renal function by gamma camera techniques requires knowledge of kidney depth to correct for soft tissue attenuation, there is debate about the need to take depth into account when only relative renal function is estimated. The aim of this study was to derive a formula for renal depth in children and to assess the importance of depth(More)