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The lowest contents of ATP and the lowest ATP/AMP concentration ratios are observed in the molluscan muscles that have very low rates of energy expenditure during contraction. The highest contents of ATP are observed in the extremely aerobic insect flight muscle and the extremely anaerobic pectoral muscle of the pheasant and domestic fowl. In general, the(More)
Skeletal muscle is highly adapted to respond to oxidative imbalances, since it is continuously subjected to an increased production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) during exercise. Oxidative stress, however, has been associated with skeletal muscle atrophy and damage in many diseases. In this study, we examined whether MAPK and NF-kappaB pathways(More)
Impaired insulin sensitivity (insulin resistance) is a common denominator in many metabolic disorders, exerting pleiotropic effects on skeletal muscle, liver, and adipose tissue function. Heme oxygenase-1 (HOX-1), the rate-limiting enzyme in heme catabolism, has recently been shown to confer an antidiabetic effect while regulating cellular redox-buffering(More)
The stimulation of p38-MAPK signal transduction pathway by various stressful stimuli was investigated in the marine bivalve M. galloprovincialis. Oxidative stress (5 microM H2O2) induced a biphasic pattern of p38-MAPK phosphorylation with maximal values attained at 15 min (8.1-fold) and 1 h (8.0-fold) of treatment respectively. Furthermore, 1 microM(More)
In the present study we investigated the signal transduction cascades triggered by acute thermal stress in Mytilus galloprovincialis gills. This particular species has been reported to exhibit a significant tolerance to high temperatures; thus, it was intriguing to examine the molecular mechanisms responsible for this extraordinary trait. In particular,(More)
We investigated the activation of p38-MAPK by various adrenergic agents in the perfused Rana ridibunda heart. Phenylephrine (50 micromol l(-1)) rapidly induced the differential activation of all three mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) subfamilies (ERK, JNKs and p38-MAPK) in this experimental system. Focusing on p38-MAPK response to phenylephrine, we(More)
We investigated the effects of various heavy metals such as copper, zinc and cadmium, as well as acute thermal stress, on the signalling mechanisms involved in the protection and/or apoptosis of Mytilus galloprovincialis mantle and gill tissues. The results of our studies revealed that mantle and gill tissues differentially respond to the stressful stimuli(More)
One of the most important challenges that cardiomyocytes experience is an increase in the levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS), i.e., during ischemia, reperfusion as well as in the failing myocardium. HOX-1 has been found to protect cells and tissues against oxidative damage; therefore, we decided to study the signalling cascades involved in its(More)
We investigated the response of alphaB-crystallin to oxidative stress and calpain inhibition in an attempt to elucidate the signalling pathways mediating its phosphorylation. Given the high expression levels of alphaB-crystallin in cardiac muscle one can evaluate the significance of its participation in preservation of homeostasis under adverse conditions.(More)
We investigated the activation of three subfamilies of MAPKs (ERK, JNKs and p38-MAPK) by oxidative stress in the isolated perfused amphibian heart. Activation of p43-ERK by 100 micro mol l(-1) H(2)O(2) was maximally observed within 5 min, remained elevated for 30 min and was comparable with the effect of 1 micro mol l(-1) PMA. p43-ERK activation by H(2)O(2)(More)