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One of the most important challenges that cardiomyocytes experience is an increase in the levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS), i.e., during ischemia, reperfusion as well as in the failing myocardium. HOX-1 has been found to protect cells and tissues against oxidative damage; therefore, we decided to study the signalling cascades involved in its(More)
The aim of the present study was to examine and compare the role of the stress-activated protein kinases in ischemic and stretch-induced preconditioning. A model of anesthetized rabbits was used, and the preconditioning protocol included one or three cycles of short ischemia/reperfusion, or short mechanical stretch with acute pressure overload without or(More)
Skeletal muscle is highly adapted to respond to oxidative imbalances, since it is continuously subjected to an increased production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) during exercise. Oxidative stress, however, has been associated with skeletal muscle atrophy and damage in many diseases. In this study, we examined whether MAPK and NF-kappaB pathways(More)
We investigated the activation of p38-MAPK by various adrenergic agents in the perfused Rana ridibunda heart. Phenylephrine (50 micromol l(-1)) rapidly induced the differential activation of all three mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) subfamilies (ERK, JNKs and p38-MAPK) in this experimental system. Focusing on p38-MAPK response to phenylephrine, we(More)
Impaired insulin sensitivity (insulin resistance) is a common denominator in many metabolic disorders, exerting pleiotropic effects on skeletal muscle, liver, and adipose tissue function. Heme oxygenase-1 (HOX-1), the rate-limiting enzyme in heme catabolism, has recently been shown to confer an antidiabetic effect while regulating cellular redox-buffering(More)
To examine whether the calpain-calpastatin system is activated during the calcium paradox in the isolated perfused pigeon heart, we separated the protease from its inhibitor calpastatin and studied its kinetic properties. The protease exhibits kinetic properties similar to those of mammalian m-calpains. Ca(2+) requirements for half and maximum activities(More)
Pyruvate kinase of Rana ridibunda erythrocytes is one of the regulatory enzymes of glycolysis. PK was purified about 7800-fold. The purified enzyme showed on SDS-electrophoresis three protein bands with an apparent molecular weight of between 60 and 65 kD. The enzyme is subject to activation by FDP and to inhibition by ATP. It showed Km values for PEP and(More)
The effect of inorganic slow channel blockers on the calcium paradox in the frog heart was examined. Addition of the divalent cations of manganese, cobalt, nickel, or barium during calcium depletion protected the frog heart against a calcium paradox. This protective effect was indicated by reduced protein release, maintenance of electrical activity, and(More)
The aim of the present investigation was to examine the conditions inducing a calcium paradox in the isolated perfused pigeon heart. Loss of mechanical and electrical activity, creatine phosphokinase and total protein release were used to define cell damage. Perfusion was performed at 36, 38, 40 and 42 degrees C and calcium deprivation lasted 5, 10, 20 or(More)