Isidoros Beis

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One of the most important challenges that cardiomyocytes experience is an increase in the levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS), i.e., during ischemia, reperfusion as well as in the failing myocardium. HOX-1 has been found to protect cells and tissues against oxidative damage; therefore, we decided to study the signalling cascades involved in its(More)
Skeletal muscle is highly adapted to respond to oxidative imbalances, since it is continuously subjected to an increased production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) during exercise. Oxidative stress, however, has been associated with skeletal muscle atrophy and damage in many diseases. In this study, we examined whether MAPK and NF-kappaB pathways(More)
The mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signal transduction pathway activated by mechanical stress was investigated in the isolated perfused amphibian (Rana ridibunda) heart. High perfusion pressure induced the rapid (30 s) and prolonged (30 min) phosphorylation of a p43-extracellular regulated kinase, a response almost completely inhibited by 25 microM(More)
In the present study the activation of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38-MAPK) and c-Jun N-terminal kinases (JNKs) by hyperthermia was investigated in the isolated perfused Rana ridibunda heart. Hyperthermia (42 degrees C) was found to profoundly stimulate p38-MAPK phosphorylation within 0.5 h, with maximal values being attained at 1 h(More)
The stimulation of p38-MAPK signal transduction pathway by various stressful stimuli was investigated in the marine bivalve M. galloprovincialis. Oxidative stress (5 μM H2O2) induced a biphasic pattern of p38-MAPK phosphorylation with maximal values attained at 15 min (8.1-fold) and 1 h (8.0-fold) of treatment respectively. Furthermore, 1 μM SB203580(More)
We investigated the activation of three subfamilies of MAPKs (ERK, JNKs and p38-MAPK) by oxidative stress in the isolated perfused amphibian heart. Activation of p43-ERK by 100 micro mol l(-1) H(2)O(2) was maximally observed within 5 min, remained elevated for 30 min and was comparable with the effect of 1 micro mol l(-1) PMA. p43-ERK activation by H(2)O(2)(More)
We investigated the expression and activation of three MAPK subfamilies in the isolated perfused amphibian heart. ERK was detected as a 43 kDa band; p38‐MAPK was detected as a band corresponding to 38 kDa and JNKs were detected as two bands corresponding to 46 and 52 kDa, respectively. PMA induced the activation of the ERK pathway as assessed by determining(More)
Impaired insulin sensitivity (insulin resistance) is a common denominator in many metabolic disorders, exerting pleiotropic effects on skeletal muscle, liver, and adipose tissue function. Heme oxygenase-1 (HOX-1), the rate-limiting enzyme in heme catabolism, has recently been shown to confer an antidiabetic effect while regulating cellular redox-buffering(More)
The aim of the present study was to examine and compare the role of the stress-activated protein kinases in ischemic and stretch-induced preconditioning. A model of anesthetized rabbits was used, and the preconditioning protocol included one or three cycles of short ischemia/reperfusion, or short mechanical stretch with acute pressure overload without or(More)
We investigated the activation of p38-MAPK by various adrenergic agents in the perfused Rana ridibunda heart. Phenylephrine (50 micromol l(-1)) rapidly induced the differential activation of all three mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) subfamilies (ERK, JNKs and p38-MAPK) in this experimental system. Focusing on p38-MAPK response to phenylephrine, we(More)