Ishwar Radhakrishnan

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The nuclear factor CREB activates transcription of target genes in part through direct interactions with the KIX domain of the coactivator CBP in a phosphorylation-dependent manner. The solution structure of the complex formed by the phosphorylated kinase-inducible domain (pKID) of CREB with KIX reveals that pKID undergoes a coil-->helix folding transition(More)
Monoubiquitination serves as a regulatory signal in a variety of cellular processes. Monoubiquitin signals are transmitted by binding to a small but rapidly expanding class of ubiquitin binding motifs. Several of these motifs, including the CUE domain, also promote intramolecular monoubiquitination. The solution structure of a CUE domain of the yeast Cue2(More)
Monoubiquitylation is a well-characterized signal for the internalization and sorting of integral membrane proteins to distinct cellular organelles. Recognition and transmission of monoubiquitin signals is mediated by a variety of ubiquitin-binding motifs such as UIM, UBA, UEV, VHS and CUE in endocytic proteins. The yeast Vps27 protein requires two UIMs for(More)
Gene-specific targeting of the Sin3 corepressor complex by DNA-bound repressors is an important mechanism of gene silencing in eukaryotes. The Sin3 corepressor specifically associates with a diverse group of transcriptional repressors, including members of the Mad family, that play crucial roles in development. The NMR structure of the complex formed by the(More)
Ser-133 phosphorylation of CREB within the kinase-inducible domain (KID) promotes target gene activation via complex formation with the KIX domain of the coactivator CBP. Concurrent phosphorylation of CREB at Ser-142 inhibits transcriptional induction via an unknown mechanism. Unstructured in the free state, KID folds into a helical structure upon binding(More)
Recruitment of the histone deacetylase (HDAC)-associated Sin3 corepressor is an obligatory step in many eukaryotic gene silencing pathways. Here we show that HBP1, a cell cycle inhibitor and regulator of differentiation, represses transcription in a HDAC/Sin3-dependent manner by targeting the mammalian Sin3A (mSin3A) PAH2 domain. HBP1 is unrelated to the(More)
Monoubiquitination is a general mechanism for downregulating the activity of cell surface receptors by consigning these proteins for lysosome-mediated degradation through the endocytic pathway. The yeast Ede1 protein functions at the internalization step of endocytosis and binds monoubiquitinated proteins through a ubiquitin associated (UBA) domain. UBA(More)
We have examined structural differences between the proto-oncogene c-Myb and the cyclic AMP-responsive factor CREB that underlie their constitutive or signal-dependent activation properties. Both proteins stimulate gene expression via activating regions that articulate with a shallow hydrophobic groove in the KIX domain of the coactivator CREB-binding(More)
Phosphorylation of Ser133 within the kinase inducible transactivation domain (KID) of the transcription factor CREB potentiates interaction with the KIX domain of coactivator CBP. Heteronuclear NMR spectroscopic analyses reveal that the KID domain is largely unstructured except for residues that comprise the alphaA helix in the pKID-KIX complex, which(More)
We report the NMR resonance assignments for a macromolecular protein/DNA complex containing the three amino-terminal zinc fingers (92 amino acid residues) of Xenopus laevis TFIIIA (termed zf1-3) bound to the physiological DNA target (15 base pairs), and for the free DNA. Comparisons are made of the chemical shifts of protein backbone 1HN, 15N, 13C alpha and(More)