Ishrath Ansurudeen

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Alterations in both vasculature and renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system are a consistent finding in the metabolic syndrome. Adrenal tissue is highly vascularized and encounters blood flow, exceeding by far the volume expected for its size. Endothelial cells in the adrenal vasculature are therefore a major cellular component of adrenocortical tissue. The(More)
Modification of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and abnormal aldosterone and cortisol metabolism have been implicated in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes (DM2) and diabetic vascular disease. Since LDL serves as a major cholesterol source for adrenal steroidogenesis, we investigated whether LDL modification in prediabetic and diabetic subjects influences(More)
BACKGROUND Serum aldosterone is a causative factor for various metabolic and cardiovascular disorders. Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) is a major cholesterol source for aldosterone steroidogenesis; however, the effect of oxidative modification of LDL on aldosterone release is not known. We studied the effect of hypochlorite-oxidized LDL (oxLDL) on adrenal(More)
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a progressive disorder with severe late complications. Normal wound healing involves a series of complex and well-orchestrated molecular events dictated by multiple factors. In diabetes, wound healing is grossly impaired due to defective, and dysregulated cellular and molecular events at all phases of wound healing resulting in(More)
Arterial hypertension is a frequent and leading cardiovascular risk factor, and primary aldosteronism is a well-recognized cause of secondary hypertension. Aldosterone is the basic regulator of extracellular fluid volume and electrolyte balance. Alterations in plasma aldosterone levels significantly contribute to the development and the severity of(More)
Endothelial cells play an important role in the development and functioning of endocrine tissue and endothelial cell-derived factors have been shown to regulate mineralocorticoid release in bovine adrenal cells. In the present study, we analysed the role of human endothelial cells in the synthesis and release of aldosterone from adrenocortical cells(More)
Endothelial cells have been shown to induce adrenal steroidogenesis and to enhance aldosterone secretion via angiotensin II and endothelin 1-independent mechanisms. It has been demonstrated that endothelial cells and adrenocortical cells are capable of producing interleukin-6 (IL-6) and IL-6 is a factor known to stimulate adrenal cortisol secretion. We(More)
Aldosterone synthesis is primarily regulated by angiotensin II and potassium ions. In addition, endothelial cell-secreted factors have been shown to regulate mineralocorticoid release. We analyzed the pathways that mediate endothelial cell-factor-induced aldosterone release from adrenocortical cells, NCI-H295R using endothelial cell-conditioned medium(More)
IGF binding protein 1 (IGFBP1) is a member of the binding proteins for the IGF with an important role in glucose homeostasis. Circulating IGFBP1 is derived essentially from the liver where it is mainly regulated negatively by insulin. Carnosine, a natural antioxidant, has been shown to improve metabolic control in different animal models of diabetes but its(More)
Obesity, especially visceral obesity, is strongly associated with arterial hypertension. Indeed, obesity hypertension has to be considered as the most common form of essential hypertension. However, the exact nature of the relationship between obesity and increased blood pressure remains poorly understood. Involvement of renin-independent mechanisms has(More)