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BACKGROUND Many patients with restless legs syndrome (RLS) and Parkinson's disease (PD) report having pain, however, the impact of the combination of PD and RLS on pain has not been analyzed extensively. The objective of this study was to explore the potential relationship between RLS and pain in individuals with and without PD, the prevalence of RLS in PD,(More)
Pain is a common problem faced by Parkinson's disease (PD) patients. Despite its impact and disabling effects pain is still frequently overlooked. In this study we analyze a representative sample of peer reviewed literature for the prevalence and types of pain in PD, the impact and significance of pain in the quality of life of the PD patient and the(More)
Schizophrenia is a heterogeneous disorder characterized by numerous diverse signs and symptoms. Individuals with prominent, persistent, and idiopathic negative symptoms are thought to encompass a distinct subtype of schizophrenia. Previous work, including studies involving neuropsychological evaluations, has supported this position. The present study sought(More)
Among the constellation of symptoms that characterize schizophrenia, negative symptoms have emerged as a critical feature linked to the functional impairment experienced by affected individuals. Despite advances in our understanding of the role of negative symptoms in the illness, effective treatments for these debilitating symptoms have remained elusive.(More)
OBJECTIVE To develop a virtual reality platform that would serve as a functionally meaningful measure of cognition in schizophrenia and that would also complement standard batteries of cognitive tests during clinical trials for cognitive treatments in schizophrenia, be amenable to human neuroimaging research, yet lend itself to neurobiological comparison(More)
SETTING The Aga Khan University Hospital, in Karachi, Pakistan, is a 650-bed university teaching hospital. OBJECTIVES There is little data from Pakistan on the awareness and application of the World Health Organization (WHO)'s tuberculosis treatment guidelines among physicians. This study evaluates physician compliance with these guidelines. DESIGN A(More)
Young onset Parkinson's disease patients, typically aged 21 to between 40 and 55, have symptomatology similar to regular onset patients. Despite this, we suspect that physicians take longer to diagnose young onset patients since Parkinson's disease is ruled out due to the younger age. The history prior to diagnosis of 14 young onset patients (within 21 to(More)
BACKGROUND Although many comprehensive batteries exist to evaluate the nature and degree of cognitive impairments in patients with schizophrenia, short batteries hold promise for rapidly screening and estimating deficits in global cognition. Recently, the Brief Neurocognitive Assessment (BNA) was established and has been shown to have similar validity and(More)
Pain is a non-motor symptom of Parkinson's disease (PD) that is often neglected due to its high prevalence in both the PD and the normal elderly population. The aims of this cross-sectional study were to establish the prevalence of pain, investigate its clinical predictors and analyze physical experiences of pain as described by PD patients. A total of 121(More)
The uncertain relationship between negative symptoms, and specifically motivational deficits, with cognitive dysfunction in schizophrenia is in need of further elucidation as it pertains to the interpretation of cognitive test results. Findings to date have suggested a possible mediating role of motivational deficits on cognitive test measures, although(More)