Ishaiahu Shechter

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Farnesyl diphosphate synthase (FPPS) has been identified as an androgen-response gene in the rat ventral prostate using a highly sensitive PCR-based cDNA subtraction technique. FPPS is an essential enzyme that catalyzes the synthesis of farnesyl diphosphate (FPP), which is required for cholesterol biosynthesis as well as protein prenylation. We have(More)
We have recently shown that cultured human monocyte-macrophages degraded 125I-labeled low density lipoprotein (125I-nativeee-LDL) by a saturable high-affinity process with maximal velocity at 25-30 microgram protein/ml (Fogelman et al., 1980, Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA. 77:2214-2218). We now describe studies of the binding of 125I-native-LDL at 4 degrees C(More)
Recent studies have shown that endotoxin (LPS) administration to Syrian hamsters markedly increased hepatic HMG-CoA reductase activity, protein mass, and mRNA levels, but only produced a modest increase in hepatic cholesterol synthesis, suggesting that LPS may also influence other key enzymes involved in the regulation of cholesterol metabolism. In the(More)
HDL mimetics have been constructed from a number of peptides and proteins with varying structures, all of which bind lipids found in HDL. HDL mimetics containing a peptide or protein have been constructed with as few as 4 and as many as 243 amino acid residues. Some HDL mimetics have been constructed with lipid but without a peptide or protein component.(More)
Apolipoprotein (apo) B-48 is generated by a unique physiological process. Cytidine 6,666 of the apo B primary transcript is posttranscriptionally converted to a uridine by an RNA editing mechanism that transforms the codon for glutamine 2,153 to a termination codon. The editing reaction can be duplicated in a cell-free extract. In this study, the apo B-48(More)
In prostate cancer cell lines in culture androgens cause a marked and coordinated upregulation of the expression of several lipogenic genes. Here, using castrated male Wistar rats as an experimental paradigm, we investigated whether coordinated androgen stimulation of lipogenic gene expression represents a more general physiological regulation in(More)
Farnesyl diphosphate synthase (FPPS: EC2.5.1.10), a key enzyme in isoprenoid metabolic pathways, catalyzes the synthesis of farnesyl diphosphate (FPP) an intermediate in the biosynthesis of both sterol and non-sterol isoprenoid end products. The localization of FPPS to peroxisomes has been reported (Krisans, S. K., J. Ericsson, P. A. Edwards, and G. A.(More)
Lowering the growth temperature of HepG2 cells from 37 degrees C to 20 degrees C results in a 73% reduction in human squalene synthase (HSS) protein, a 76% reduction in HSS mRNA, and a 96% reduction in promoter activity of a secreted alkaline phosphatase-HSS reporter gene. A similar decrease in either mRNA or protein levels is observed for(More)
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