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Rat hepatic squalene synthase (RSS, EC 2.5.1.21) contains three conserved sections, A, B, and C, that were proposed to be involved in catalysis (McKenzie, T. L., Jiang, G., Straubhaar, J. R., Conrad, D., and Shechter, I. (1992) J. Biol. Chem. 267, 21368-21374). Here we use the high expression vector pTrxRSS and site-directed mutagenesis to determine the(More)
The mRNA level for cytosolic NADP-dependent isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH1) increases 2.3-fold, and enzyme activity of NADP-isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) 63%, in sterol-deprived HepG2 cells. The mRNA levels of the NADP- and NAD-dependent mitochondrial enzymes show limited or lack of regulation under the same conditions. Nucleotide sequences that are(More)
Glutaraldehyde treatment of (125)I-labeled low density lipoprotein ((125)I-native-LDL) produced a modified LDL ((125)I-glut-LDL) with a molecular weight of 10 x 10(6) or more. Malondialdehyde treatment of (125)I-native-LDL produced a product ((125)I-MDA-LDL) with a molecular weight not appreciably different from that of the original lipoprotein. However,(More)
Mammalian squalene synthase (SQS) catalyzes the first reaction of the branch of the isoprenoid metabolic pathway committed specifically to sterol biosynthesis. SQS produces squalene in an unusual two-step reaction in which two molecules of farnesyl diphosphate are condensed head-to-head. Recent studies have advanced understanding of the reaction mechanism,(More)
Dietary vegetable oils and fish oils rich in PUFA (polyunsaturated fatty acids) exert hypocholesterolaemic and hypotriglyceridaemic effects in rodents. The plasma cholesterol-lowering properties of PUFA are due partly to a diminution of cholesterol synthesis and of the activity of the rate-limiting enzyme HMG-CoA reductase (3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA(More)
Amino acid sequence information was obtained for the NH2 terminus, and for endogenous peptides generated by trypsin digestion, of a purified, truncated form of rat hepatic squalene synthase (RSS, EC 2.5.1.21) (Shechter, I., Klinger, E., Rucker, M. L., Engstrom, R. G., Spirito, J. A., Islam, M. A., Boettcher, B. R., and Weinstein, D. B. (1992) J. Biol. Chem.(More)
Farnesyl diphosphate synthase (FPPS) has been identified as an androgen-response gene in the rat ventral prostate using a highly sensitive PCR-based cDNA subtraction technique. FPPS is an essential enzyme that catalyzes the synthesis of farnesyl diphosphate (FPP), which is required for cholesterol biosynthesis as well as protein prenylation. We have(More)
As part of an effort to dissect the genetic factors involved in cholesterol homeostasis in the mouse model, we report the mapping of 12 new candidate genes using linkage analysis. The genes include: cytoplasmic HMG-CoA synthase (Hmgcs 1, Chr 13), mitochondrial synthase (Hmgcs 2, Chr 3), a synthase-related sequence (Hmgcs 1-rs, Chr 12), mevalonate kinase(More)
Growth of Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO) cells in the presence of 20% lipid depleted serum (LDS) for only 2 hr results in an increase in the synthesis of [14C] sterols from [14C] mevalonate and from [14C] squalene compared with cells grown under normal growth conditions in the presence of 10% fetal calf serum (FCS). This enhanced sterol synthesis increases(More)
We have recently shown that cultured human monocyte-macrophages degraded 125I-labeled low density lipoprotein (125I-nativeee-LDL) by a saturable high-affinity process with maximal velocity at 25-30 microgram protein/ml (Fogelman et al., 1980, Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA. 77:2214-2218). We now describe studies of the binding of 125I-native-LDL at 4 degrees C(More)