Isela T Padilla

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BACKGROUND Legislation at state, federal, and international levels is requiring rapid evaluation of the toxicity of numerous chemicals. Whole-animal toxicologic studies cannot yield the necessary throughput in a cost-effective fashion, leading to a critical need for a faster and more cost-effective toxicologic evaluation of xenobiotics. OBJECTIVES We(More)
Catechins, polyphenols extracted from green tea leaves, have a broad range of biological activities although the specific molecular mechanisms responsible are not known. At the high experimental concentrations typically used polyphenols bind to membrane phospholipid and also are easily auto-oxidized to generate superoxide anion and semiquinones, and can(More)
Mutations in ryanodine receptor type 1 (RyR1) confer malignant hyperthermia susceptibility. How inherent impairments in Ca(2+) channel regulation affect skeletal muscle function in myotubes and adult fibers under basal (nontriggering) conditions are not understood. Myotubes, adult flexor digitorum brevis (FDB) fibers, and sarcoplasmic reticulum skeletal(More)
Green tea polyphenolic catechins exhibit biological activity in a wide variety of cell types. Although reports in the lay and scientific literature suggest therapeutic potential for improving cardiovascular health, the underlying molecular mechanisms of action remain unclear. Previous studies have implicated a wide range of molecular targets in cardiac(More)
Previously, we have shown that lack of expression of triadins in skeletal muscle cells results in significant increase of myoplasmic resting free Ca(2+) ([Ca(2+)](rest)), suggesting a role for triadins in modulating global intracellular Ca(2+) homeostasis. To understand this mechanism, we study here how triadin alters [Ca(2+)](rest), Ca(2+) release, and(More)
Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchanger (NCX) is a plasma membrane transporter that moves Ca(2+) in or out of the cell, depending on membrane potential and transmembrane ion gradients. NCX is the main pathway for Ca(2+) extrusion from excitable cells. NCX inhibitors can ameliorate cardiac ischemia-reperfusion injury and promote high-frequency fatigue of skeletal muscle,(More)
Na /Ca exchanger (NCX) is a plasma membrane transporter that moves Ca in or out of the cell, depending on membrane potential and transmembrane ion gradients. NCX is the main pathway for Ca extrusion from excitable cells. NCX inhibitors can ameliorate cardiac ischemia-reperfusion injury and promote high-frequency fatigue of skeletal muscle, purportedly by(More)
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