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The disorder of autosomal dominant nocturnal frontal lobe epilepsy has recently been identified, and is now delineated in detail. A phenotypically homogeneous group of five families from Australia, Britain and Canada, containing 47 affected individuals, was studied. The largest family contained 25 affected individuals spanning six generations. This disorder(More)
We performed MRI volumetric measurements of the amygdala (AM), the hippocampal formation (HF), and the anterior temporal lobe in a group of 30 patients with intractable temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) and in seven patients with extratemporal lobe foci. Measurements were analyzed with a semiautomated software program and the results compared with those of(More)
We performed MRI volumetric measurements of the amygdala (AM) and hippocampal formation (HF) in a group of 43 patients with temporal lobe epilepsy not controlled by optimal drug treatment. Fifteen patients (35%) had a history of prolonged febrile convulsions (PFC) in early childhood; 30 patients underwent surgery, and histopathology was available in(More)
The aim of the present study was (i) to compare disease progression and survival in different types of degenerative ataxia, and (ii) to identify variables that may modify the rate of disease progression. We included patients suffering from Friedreich's ataxia (FRDA, n = 83), early onset cerebellar ataxia (EOCA, n = 30), autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxia(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the clinical, genetic and MR characteristics of patients with familial mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE). DESIGN/METHODS The familial occurrence of MTLE was identified by a systematic search of family history of seizures in patients followed in the authors' epilepsy clinic. All probands and, whenever possible, other affected(More)
We describe a distinctive epilepsy syndrome in six families, which is the first partial epilepsy syndrome to follow single gene inheritance. The predominant seizure pattern had frontal lobe seizure semiology with clusters of brief motor attacks occurring in sleep. Onset was usually in childhood, often persisting through adult life. Misdiagnosis as night(More)
The interaction between thalamus and cortex appears to be critical to the pathophysiology of idiopathic generalized epilepsies (IGEs). The objective of this study was to investigate thalamic volumes of a group of patients with IGEs using high-resolution MRI. Thalamic segmentation was performed by the same rater, who was unaware of the diagnosis. Thalamic(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE In Friedreich's ataxia (FRDA), frataxin deficiency results in iron redistribution in the dentate nuclei (DNC). Clusters of iron cause inhomogeneities in a magnetic field and result in a reduction in T2 relaxation time (T2). METHODS T2 was prospectively evaluated in DNC, putamen, substantia nigra (SN), cerebellar white matter (CWM)(More)
The gene for spinocerebellar ataxia type 2 (SCA2) has been mapped to 12q24.1. A 1.1-megabase contig in the candidate region was assembled in P1 artificial chromosome and bacterial artificial chromosome clones. Using this contig, we identified a CAG trinucleotide repeat with CAA interruptions that was expanded in patients with SCA2. In contrast to other(More)
In this report, the International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) Genetics Commission discusses essential issues to be considered with regard to clinical genetic testing in the epilepsies. Genetic research on the epilepsies has led to the identification of more than 20 genes with a major effect on susceptibility to idiopathic epilepsies. The most important(More)