Isao Shikai

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The sural nerves of 2 human cases with Minamata disease and poisoned rats were examined histopathologically. Both showed similar findings: the myelinated nerve fibres were decreased in number, but small myelinated nerve fibres were increased: The latter were irregular in shape and their Schwann cells showed regressive changes, with high electron density of(More)
Numerous inclusions were diffusely observed in the neurons and glial cells in the cerebral cortex of a patient with progressive dementia. These inclusions were initially produced by rough ER in the cells and gradually enlarged destroying the rough ER membranes. The nature of these inclusions was neutral mucopolysaccaride including protein histochemically.(More)
The brains of six cases of chronic alcoholics without arteriosclerosis and the other diseases were examined histopathologically. The results obtained were as follows: there were chronic nerve cell sclerosis and deletion with slightly increased glial cells in the cortex of the cerebrum, hypothalamus, mamillary body, amygdal body, dentate endplate of Ammon's(More)
A 38-year-old female died 6 years after the onset of what was, clinically and histopathologically, consistent with Neuro-Behçet's disease. Pathologically the cerebrum showed severe atrophy. The main changes were observed in the grey and white matter, the diencephalon and the basal ganglia by light microscopy. All these changes originated in softenings(More)
A 29-year-old male characterized by progressive dementia has been described. Histopathologically, the changes obtained were as follows: 1) Some atrophic nerve cells contained homogeneous round or oval intraplasmic inclusions which could be stained with periodic acid-Schiff and coupled tetrazonium. From these examinations the inclusions consisted of neutral(More)
Peripheral nerve and muscle of patients with hemiatrophy were biopsied and examined by means of light and electron microscope. The unmyelinated nerve fibers decreased in number and remaining fibers were atrophic with irregular shape and high electron density, while myelinated nerve fibers slightly decreased in number. The Schwann cells enveloping nerve(More)
In the present study, thirty schizophrenics who showed low blood pressure and low voltage fast EEG at the onset of the disease were selected from many schizophrenics. As a control group, 50 schizophrenics without any abnormal findings in blood pressure and EEG were examined. The experimental group showed a remarkable improvement after using Haloperidol and(More)
A 39-year-old female died 25 years after the onset of epileptic seizure. In the clinical course, she suffered epileptic seizures, left hemiparesis and muscular atrophy of the left upper extremity, psychological character change, dementia, forced laughter and hallucinatory and delusional states. Pathologically, severe changes were found in the right(More)
Experimental alcoholism was produced in rats by supplying them with 15% ethanol as the only source of liquid for a whole year. Histopathological examination revealed that Purkinje cells and granule cells in the cerebellum mainly showed such changes as decrease of ER, ribosomes and severe atrophy of the nerve cells. It might be speculated that these changes(More)
Ten adult male rats were administered orally with thyroideum siccatum every day to produce a hyperfunctional state of thyroid hormone. They were examined electron microscopically for the fine structure of the brain. Clinically, experimental rats lost in weight, manifested a hyperactive, irritative attitude, and were in an aggressive state. Electron(More)