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The hypoglycemic effects of Lagerstroemia speciosa L., known by the Tagalog name of banaba in the Phillipines, were studied using hereditary diabetic mice (Type II, KK-AY/Ta Jcl). The mice were fed a test diet containing 5% of the hot-water extract (HWE) from banaba leaves, 3% of the water eluent of the partial fraction unadsorbed onto HP-20 resin of HWE(More)
The RAD51 protein is a central player in homologous recombinational repair. The RAD51B protein is one of five RAD51 paralogs that function in the homologous recombinational repair pathway in higher eukaryotes. In the present study, we found that the human EVL (Ena/Vasp-like) protein, which is suggested to be involved in actin-remodeling processes,(More)
The assembly of RAD51 recombinase on DNA substrates at sites of breakage is essential for their repair by homologous recombination repair (HRR). The signaling pathway that triggers RAD51 assembly at damage sites to form subnuclear foci is unclear. Here, we provide evidence that c-ABL, a tyrosine kinase activated by DNA damage which phosphorylates RAD51 on(More)
The effects of a green tea (Camellia sinensis) extract on ethanol metabolism in ICR male mice were studied. A crude green tea extract (GTE) and the tea components as (-)-epigallocatechin gallate (EGCg), (-)-epigallocatechin (EGC), and caffeine were administered before the tests. One hour later, the mice were orally given 2g/kg body weight (b.w.) of ethanol(More)
The human Rad51 protein, a eukaryotic ortholog of the bacterial RecA protein, is a key enzyme that functions in homologous recombination and recombinational repair of double strand breaks. The Rad51 protein contains two flexible loops, L1 and L2, which are proposed to be sites for DNA binding, based on a structural comparison with RecA. In the present(More)
The DMC1 protein, a meiosis-specific DNA recombinase, catalyzes strand exchange between homologous chromosomes. In rice, two Dmc1 genes, Dmc1A and Dmc1B, have been reported. Although the Oryza sativa DMC1A protein has been partially characterized, however the biochemical properties of the DMC1B protein have not been defined. In the present study, we(More)
The Rad51 protein, which catalyzes homologous-pairing and strand-exchange reactions, is an essential enzyme for homologous recombinational repair (HRR) and meiotic homologous recombination in eukaryotes. In humans, the conventional Rad51 (HsRad51) protein has a Lys residue at position 313; however, the HsRad51-Q313 protein, in which the Lys313 residue is(More)
The human Rad51 protein (HsRad51) catalyzes homologous pairing and strand exchange between single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) and double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) during recombinational repair of double-stranded DNA breaks. An HsRad51 mutation that results in the substitution of Gln for Arg150 (R150Q) was found in bilateral breast cancer patients; however, the(More)
The M200V polymorphism of the human DMC1 protein, which is an essential, meiosis-specific DNA recombinase, was found in an infertile patient, raising the question of whether this homozygous human DMC1-M200V polymorphism may cause infertility by affecting the function of the human DMC1 protein. In the present study, we determined the crystal structure of the(More)
In order to develop naturally occurring antioxidants from edible plants, the antioxidative effect of hot water extracts of Lagerstroemia speciosa leaves, known by the Tagalog name of banaba in the Phillipines, was studied. The content of tannin in banaba extract was 36.8% in dry weight. Banaba extract showed strong antioxidative activity in a linoleic acid(More)
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