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In a systematic analysis of genes expressed in human adipose tissue, we detected a novel gene that is expressed uniquely in adipose tissue. The sequence showed that it encodes a 342-amino-acid protein containing six putative transmembrane domains, and is a new member of the aquaporin family of water-selective membrane channels. We named this gene aquaporin(More)
Although matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) have been reported to play crucial roles in the migration of inflammatory cells through basement membrane components in vitro, the role of MMPs in the in vivo accumulation of the cells to the site of inflammation in bronchial asthma is still obscure. In this study, we investigated the role of MMPs in the(More)
The increase in thickness of bronchial walls by such structural changes as subepithelial fibrosis contributes to the severity and chronicity of asthma by amplifying airway narrowing. However, the pathogenesis of this structural alteration is not known. Transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF beta 1) is known to have biologic activities relevant to the(More)
Eosinophils play a critical role in the pathogenesis of bronchial asthma by releasing various mediators. To understand the mechanisms of eosinophil migration to the site of inflammation, we examined the expression of adhesion molecules in the bronchial tissues of asthmatic subjects with air flow limitation. By immunohistochemical analysis, Mac-1, LFA-1, and(More)
BACKGROUND Bronchial asthma is characterized by chronic airway inflammation caused by inflammatory cells. Phosphoinositide 3-kinases (PI3Ks) are known to play a prominent role in fundamental cellular responses of various inflammatory cells, including proliferation, differentiation, and cell migration. PI3Ks therefore are expected to have therapeutic(More)
Transforming growth factor beta (TGF beta) is a multifunctional protein which has been suggested to play a central role in the pathogenesis of chronic inflammation and fibrosis. Nasal polyposis is a condition affecting the upper airways characterized by the presence of chronic inflammation and varying degrees of fibrosis. To examine the potential role of(More)
Insulin-like growth factor (IGF) -I is one of the candidates for cardiac hypertrophy induced by beta-adrenergic stimulation. However, the mechanisms by which the biologic actions of IGF-I are regulated under this condition remain unclear. IGF-I becomes bioavailable for its receptors upon its dissociation from IGF-binding protein (IGFBP) through IGFBP(More)
We hypothesized that the mitochondrial length may be altered according to changes in the sarcomere length, and that this relationship may be affected by exposure to hypoxia. Rat ventricular papillary muscles were isolated and immersed in normoxic or hypoxic solutions for 10 min. Sarcomeres of various lengths were obtained by fixing the papillary muscles in(More)
We studied gene expression and production of TNF-alpha in the diaphragm tissue and changes of muscle contractile properties after endotoxin injection (Escherichia coli, 20 mg/kg) in 88 rats. We assessed the muscle contractile properties by force-frequency curves and twitch kinetics using dissected diaphragm muscle strips. The peak tensions of(More)
Tissue remodeling in bronchial tissues from asthmatics as well as in nasal polyp (NP) tissues includes sub-basement membrane deposition of collagen, stromal deposition of extracellular matrix protein, and hypertrophy/hyperplasia of airway smooth muscle cells, which are relevant to the cellular and molecular events induced by platelet-derived growth factor(More)