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The increase in thickness of bronchial walls by such structural changes as subepithelial fibrosis contributes to the severity and chronicity of asthma by amplifying airway narrowing. However, the pathogenesis of this structural alteration is not known. Transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF beta 1) is known to have biologic activities relevant to the(More)
In a systematic analysis of genes expressed in human adipose tissue, we detected a novel gene that is expressed uniquely in adipose tissue. The sequence showed that it encodes a 342-amino-acid protein containing six putative transmembrane domains, and is a new member of the aquaporin family of water-selective membrane channels. We named this gene aquaporin(More)
Although matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) have been reported to play crucial roles in the migration of inflammatory cells through basement membrane components in vitro, the role of MMPs in the in vivo accumulation of the cells to the site of inflammation in bronchial asthma is still obscure. In this study, we investigated the role of MMPs in the(More)
We hypothesized that the mitochondrial length may be altered according to changes in the sarcomere length, and that this relationship may be affected by exposure to hypoxia. Rat ventricular papillary muscles were isolated and immersed in normoxic or hypoxic solutions for 10 min. Sarcomeres of various lengths were obtained by fixing the papillary muscles in(More)
Insulin-like growth factor (IGF) -I is one of the candidates for cardiac hypertrophy induced by beta-adrenergic stimulation. However, the mechanisms by which the biologic actions of IGF-I are regulated under this condition remain unclear. IGF-I becomes bioavailable for its receptors upon its dissociation from IGF-binding protein (IGFBP) through IGFBP(More)
Eosinophils play a critical role in the pathogenesis of bronchial asthma by releasing various mediators. To understand the mechanisms of eosinophil migration to the site of inflammation, we examined the expression of adhesion molecules in the bronchial tissues of asthmatic subjects with air flow limitation. By immunohistochemical analysis, Mac-1, LFA-1, and(More)
We studied gene expression and production of TNF-alpha in the diaphragm tissue and changes of muscle contractile properties after endotoxin injection (Escherichia coli, 20 mg/kg) in 88 rats. We assessed the muscle contractile properties by force-frequency curves and twitch kinetics using dissected diaphragm muscle strips. The peak tensions of(More)
TNF-alpha is a cytokine with a wide spectrum of proinflammatory activities. Nasal polyps (NP), which occur in association with allergic rhinitis and asthma, are characterized by a marked infiltration of activated eosinophils, epithelial damage, and varying degrees of stromal fibrosis. By using Southern blot analysis after a reverse transcription-PCR, we(More)
BACKGROUND Psychological stress has long been recognized to be associated with asthma symptoms. There appear to be individual differences in the susceptibility to even the same kind of stress, and furthermore, stress responses are different between the types of the stress, acute and chronic, even in the same person. However, the mechanisms linking stress to(More)
By comparing lists of 3'-directed partial cDNA sequences (gene signatures) randomly collected from various tissues, genes uniquely expressed in individual tissue can be identified. A full length cDNA clone, corresponding to one such gene signature, unique to human osteoblast and adipose tissue, was isolated. This cDNA clone encodes a 845-amino acid protein(More)