Isao Nishimura

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Multisite hyperphosphorylation of tau has been implicated in the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative diseases including Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, the phosphorylation events critical for tau toxicity and mechanisms regulating these events are largely unknown. Here we show that Drosophila PAR-1 kinase initiates tau toxicity by triggering a temporally(More)
Parkin, an E3 ubiquitin ligase that degrades proteins with aberrant conformations, is associated with autosomal recessive juvenile Parkinsonism (AR-JP). The molecular basis of selective neuronal death in AR-JP is unknown. Here we show in an organismal system that panneuronal expression of Parkin substrate Pael-R causes age-dependent selective degeneration(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is the most common movement disorder characterized by dopaminergic dysfunction and degeneration. The cause of most PD cases is unknown, although postmortem studies have implicated the involvement of oxidative stress. The identification of familial PD-associated genes offers the opportunity to study mechanisms of PD pathogenesis in(More)
Necdin, a member of the MAGE (melanoma antigen) protein family, is expressed predominantly in terminally differentiated neurons. The necdin gene NDN is maternally imprinted and expressed only from the paternal allele, the deficiency of which is implicated in the pathogenesis of the neurodevelopmental disorder Prader-Willi syndrome. Necdin binds to its(More)
In an attempt to elucidate the pathological implications of intracellular accumulation of the amyloid precursor protein (APP) in postmitotic neurons in vivo, we transferred APP695 cDNA into rat hippocampal neurons by using a replication-defective adenovirus vector. We first improved the efficiency of adenovirus-mediated gene transfer into neurons in vivo by(More)
Necdin is expressed predominantly in postmitotic neurons and serves as a growth suppressor that is functionally similar to the retinoblastoma tumor suppressor protein. Using primary cultures of dorsal root ganglion (DRG) of mouse embryos, we investigated the involvement of necdin in the terminal differentiation of neurons. DRG cells were prepared from mouse(More)
Forced overexpression of wild-type Alzheimer amyloid precursor protein (APP) causes postmitotic neurons to degenerate. Caspase-3 (CPP32) is a principal cell death protease involved in neuronal apoptosis during physiological development and under pathological conditions. Here, we investigated whether APP overexpression activates caspase-3 in human(More)
Necdin, a member of the MAGE family, is expressed abundantly in postmitotic neurons and is required for their differentiation and survival. In mammals, the MAGE family consists of more than 30 genes, whereas only one MAGE gene exists in the genome of nonmammalian vertebrates such as zebrafish and chicken. These nonmammalian MAGE genes are expressed in(More)
Necdin is a potent growth suppressor that is expressed predominantly in postmitotic cells such as neurons and skeletal muscle cells. Necdin shows a significant homology to MAGE (melanoma antigen) family proteins, all of which contain a large homology domain. MAGE-D1 (NRAGE, Dlxin-1) interacts with the Dlx/Msx family homeodomain proteins via an interspersed(More)
The Alzheimer amyloid precursor protein (APP) is a transmembrane protein whose abnormal processing is associated with the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease. Activated caspases cleave APP and generate its carboxyl-terminally truncated fragment (APPΔC31). We have previously reported that overexpression of wild-type APP induces caspase-3 activation and(More)