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We cloned four kinds of cDNAs of wheat cystatins (WCs), WC1, WC2, WC3, and WC4, from the seed. They had 47-68% amino acid sequence similarities to other plant cystatins. WC1, WC2, and WC4 had 63-67% similalities to one another while 93% of amino acids were identical between WC1 and WC3. This suggested that WCI, WC2, and WC4 should be regarded as the(More)
Phytophthora stem and root rot, caused by Phytophthora sojae, is one of the most destructive diseases of soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.], and the incidence of this disease has been increasing in several soybean-producing areas around the world. This presents serious limitations for soybean production, with yield losses from 4 to 100%. The most effective(More)
The aim of this study was to clarify the role of the immune response to muscarinic type 3 receptor (M3R) in the pathogenesis of Sjögren's syndrome (SS). M3R(-/-) mice were immunized with murine M3R peptides and their splenocytes were inoculated into Rag1(-/-) (M3R(-/-)→Rag1(-/-)) mice. M3R(-/-)→Rag1(-/-) mice had high serum levels of anti-M3R antibodies and(More)
Arthritis in the K/BxN mouse model results from pathogenic immunoglobulins (Igs) that recognize the ubiquitous cytoplasmic enzyme glucose-6-phosphate isomerase (GPI). But how is a joint-specific disease of autoimmune and inflammatory nature induced by systemic self-reactivity? No unusual amounts or sequence, splice or modification variants of GPI expression(More)
Although corticosteroids and immunosuppressants are widely used for the treatments of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), safer and more effective therapies are prerequisite. We and others have reported that anti-CD20 antibody rituximab targeting B cells are effective for refractory SLE and, therefore, safety and clinical efficacy of rituximab in SLE was(More)
PURPOSE Lung cancers with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-activating mutations show good clinical response to gefitinib and erlotinib, selective tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) to EGFR, but these tumors invariably develop drug resistance. Host stromal cells have been found to have a considerable effect on the behavior of cancer cells. Little is(More)
OBJECTIVE Recent genome-wide association studies identified an association between single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the C8orf13 region of BLK, the B lymphoid tyrosine kinase gene, with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in Caucasians. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the significance of this region in the genetic background of Japanese(More)
INTRODUCTION Recent studies identified STAT4 (signal transducers and activators of transcription-4) as a susceptibility gene for systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). STAT1 is encoded adjacently to STAT4 on 2q32.2-q32.3, upregulated in peripheral blood mononuclear cells from SLE patients, and functionally relevant to SLE. This study was conducted to test(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to determine the added value of portal or superior mesenteric vein (PV/SMV) resection during pancreatoduodenectomy for pancreatic head carcinoma. METHODS A multicentre observational study was conducted in patients with pancreatic head carcinoma who underwent pancreatoduodenectomy in seven Japanese hospitals between(More)
Vitronectin is a multifunctional plasma glycoprotein which may regulate the systems related to protease cascades such as the coagulation, fibrinolysis, and complement systems as well as cell adhesion. Solid-phase assays and affinity chromatography on immobilized glycolipids indicated that vitronectin purified under denaturing conditions bound to sulfatide(More)