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BACKGROUND Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are members of the interleukin-1 receptor family and are involved in the responsiveness to pathogen-associated molecular patterns. Recent studies have demonstrated that TLRs are activated by endogenous signals, such as heat shock proteins and oxidative stress, which may contribute to congestive heart failure. Oxidative(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Recent studies have shown that kidney dysfunction is associated with cerebral small vessel disease (SVD). Although creatinine-based estimating equations have been used as the standard measure for the evaluation of kidney function, the accuracy of these is limited in the elderly because of muscle mass decrease with aging. Cystatin C is(More)
BACKGROUND Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are members of the interleukin-1 receptor family and transduce similar signals as interleukin-1 receptor in response to exogenous pathogens. Recent studies have demonstrated that TLRs are activated by endogenous signals, such as heat shock proteins and oxidative stress, that may contribute to ventricular remodeling(More)
The purpose of this study was to clarify the incidence and features of acute cerebrovascular diseases in Yamagata Prefecture, by comparing with those in other prefectures reported in previous studies. Consecutive 13,639 cases of acute stroke were prospectively registered to Yamagata Society in Treatment for Cerebral Stroke (YSTCS) between January 1, 1998(More)
With the use of epicardial mapping, we investigated the electrical alternans of the ST segment during acute myocardial ischemia and studied the difference in ST alternans between dogs with resultant ventricular fibrillation and those without it. During the 7-minute occlusion of the left anterior descending coronary artery below its first diagonal branch, 60(More)
Diacylglycerol kinase (DGK) catalyzes phosphorylation of diacylglycerol to generate phosphatidic acid, and both molecules are known to serve as second messengers as well as important intermediates for the synthesis of various lipids. In this study, we investigated the spatiotemporal expression patterns of DGK isozymes together with the developmental changes(More)
AIMS High-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) is a nuclear DNA-binding protein and is released from necrotic cells, inducing inflammatory responses and promoting tissue repair and angiogenesis. To test the hypothesis that HMGB1 enhances angiogenesis and restores cardiac function after myocardial infarction (MI), we generated transgenic mice with cardiac-specific(More)
OBJECTIVE Fas ligand (FasL) is a key cytokine which initiates apoptosis when FasL binds to its receptor, Fas. Cardiac myocytes are generally resistant to Fas-induced apoptosis. However, sublethal dose of doxorubicin (Dox) can sensitize cardiac myocytes to Fas-induced apoptosis. We investigated the molecular mechanism by which Dox sensitizes cardiac myocytes(More)
BACKGROUND ATP-sensitive K+ channels are activated when the myocardium becomes ischemic. However, the role of the ATP-sensitive K+ current in the emergence of ECG ST changes during ischemia remained unclarified. METHODS AND RESULTS The left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) was cannulated and perfused with arterial blood from the carotid artery(More)
BACKGROUND Tissue hypoxia induces the degradation of adenosine triphosphate, resulting in the production of uric acid (UA). Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have been reported to have high serum levels of UA (sUA), compared with control subjects. However, the relationship between sUA levels and spirometric measures has not been(More)