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SC1, an integral membrane glycoprotein of 100 kd, is uniquely and transiently expressed on spinal cord motoneurons early in development and appears in peripheral neurons and several other tissues during development. SC1 has been purified by immunoaffinity techniques, and SC1 cDNA clones have been obtained by screening an E4 chick embryo phage expression(More)
A soluble form of tissue-nonspecific alkaline phosphatase was purified to apparent homogeneity from the culture media of Sf9 cells which had been infected with recombinant baculoviruses encoding human tissue-nonspecific alkaline phosphatase (TNSALP). To facilitate purification, an oligonucleotide consisting of 6 tandem codons for histidine and a stop codon(More)
Microalbuminuria, an indicator of glomerular injury, is associated with increased risk of progressive renal deterioration, cardiovascular disease, and mortality. However, the prevalence of microalbuminuria in Japanese general population is less certain. Thus, we examined the prevalence of microalbuminuria and its associated risk factors in Japan. Subjects(More)
The nucleotide sequence of the PHO5 gene of the yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, which encodes repressible acid phosphatase (APase) was determined. Comparison of N-terminal amino acid sequence deduced from the nucleotide sequence with that of the purified repressible APase revealed the existence of a putative signal peptide in the precursor protein. The(More)
OBJECTIVE The metabolic syndrome is associated with an increased risk of chronic kidney disease, cardiovascular disease and mortality. However, the association between microalbuminuria and the metabolic syndrome has not yet been reported in the general population in Japan. Therefore, we undertook a population-based study to examine the association between(More)
BACKGROUND Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are members of the interleukin-1 receptor family and are involved in the responsiveness to pathogen-associated molecular patterns. Recent studies have demonstrated that TLRs are activated by endogenous signals, such as heat shock proteins and oxidative stress, which may contribute to congestive heart failure. Oxidative(More)
BACKGROUND Although malnutrition indicates an unfavorable prognosis in some clinical settings, the association between nutritional indexes and outcomes for patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) is unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS All the previously established objective nutritional indexes were evaluated. The controlling nutritional status score (CONUT),(More)
The association of the FTO gene polymorphism, rs9939609, with obesity was examined using the population of the Takahata study (n (M/F): 2,639 (1,168 / 1,470); age: 63.0 +/- 10.2 years), a Japanese community-based study. The effects of lifestyle-related factors, including nutritional intake and physical activities, on the association were also examined. Body(More)
An undecapeptide which potentiates the beat of the ventricle in the African giant snail, Achatina fulica Ferussac, was purified from the atria of the snail. Its primary structure was determined to be H-Ser-Gly-Gln-Ser-Trp-Arg-Pro-Gln-Gly-Arg-Phe-NH2. This peptide was found to have excitatory actions not only on the ventricle but also on the penis retractor(More)
BACKGROUND The mortality and morbidity rates of various cardiovascular diseases differ between Western countries and Japan. The age- and gender-specific prevalence rate of atrial fibrillation (AF) in the general population of Japan was determined using the data from periodic health examinations in 2003. METHODS Data of 630,138 subjects aged 40 years or(More)