Isao Kawahara

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The sulfate uptake and accumulation in mouse digestive organs were studied by light microscopic radioautography. Two litters of normal ddY mice 30 days after birth, each consisting of 3 animals, were studied. One litter of animals were sacrificed 30 min after the intraperitoneal injections with phosphate buffered Na2(35)SO4, and the other litter animals(More)
To evaluate the age-related response of essential cell functions against peroxidative damage in hyperthermia, we studied the biochemical response to heat stress in both young and aged rats. Passive hyperthermia was immediately observed in rats after exposure to hot environments. In aged rats, the rectal temperature maintained thermal homeostasis and(More)
Using an embryoid body (EB) culture system, we developed a functional organ-like cluster, a "gut", from mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells (ES gut). Each ES gut exhibited various types of spontaneous movements. In these spontaneously contracting ES guts, dense distributions of interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) (c-kit, a transmembrane receptor that has tyrosine(More)
One of the challenges of using imaging techniques as a tool to study cellular physiology has been the inability to resolve structures that are not located near the surface of the preparation. Nonlinear optical microscopy, in particular two photon-excited fluorescence microscopy (2PM), has overcome this limitation, providing deeper optical penetration(More)
PURPOSE In the ileum of W/W(v) mutant mice (W/W(v)), the absence of interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) in the myenteric region (ICC-MY), and cross-talk between ICC in the deep muscular region (ICC-DMP) and enteric nitrergic motor nerves leads to irregular spontaneous electrical and contractile activity. The aim of the present study was to reveal changes in(More)
It was recently reported that activation of enteric neural 5-HT(4) receptors (SR4) promotes reconstruction of enteric neural circuit injury in distal gut of guinea pigs and that this reconstruction involves neural stem cells. We aimed to explore a novel approach using a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI), which increases endogenous 5-HT, to(More)
We previously reported that a serotonin 4 (5-HT4) receptor agonist, mosapride citrate (MOS), increased the number of c-RET-positive cells and levels of c-RET mRNA in gel sponge implanted in the necks of rats. The 5-HT4 receptor is a G protein coupled receptor (GPCR) coupled to G protein Gs-cAMP cascades. We investigated the possibility that 5-HT4 receptor(More)
We explored a novel effect of 5-hydroxytryptamine 4 receptor (5-HT4R) agonists in vivo to reconstruct the enteric neural circuitry that mediates a fundamental distal gut reflex. The neural circuit insult was performed in guinea pigs and rats by rectal transection and anastomosis. A 5-HT4R-agonist, mosapride citrate (MOS) applied orally and locally at the(More)
The potential effects of 2 types of fatty acids on colorectal cancer (CRC) were assessed using cancer stromal cells. Linoleic acid (LA; C-18, n-6 unsaturated fatty acid) and elaidic acid (EA; C-18, trans acid), both known to affect colon carcinogenesis and cancer progression, were administered by gavage to BALB/c mice, which were inoculated with CT26(More)
A new method to detect and track an object having a unique movement out of general moving background comprised of a number of moving areas is reported here. After an overall picture movement is detected and normalized from local movements of an image, the moving object becomes detectable by applying a time sequential processing on the difference between(More)