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Fibril formation of amyloid beta peptide (Abeta) is considered to be responsible for the pathology of Alzheimer's disease (AD). The Abeta fibril is formed by a protein misfolding process in which intermolecular beta-sheet interactions become stabilized abnormally. Thus, to develop potential anti-AD drugs, we screened an in-house library to find compounds(More)
Nonself recognition in filamentous fungi is conferred by genetic differences at het (heterokaryon incompatibility) loci. When individuals that differ in het specificity undergo hyphal fusion, the heterokaryon undergoes a programmed cell death reaction or is highly unstable. In Neurospora crassa, three allelic specificities at the het-c locus are conferred(More)
The lag between beta-amyloid (A beta) deposition and neurodegeneration in Alzheimer's disease (AD) suggests that age-dependent factors are involved in the pathogenesis. Racemization of Ser and Asp in A beta is a typical age-dependent modification in AD. We have shown recently that A beta1-40 racemized at Ser(26) ([D-Ser(26)]A beta 1-40) is soluble and(More)
beta-Amyloid peptide is the principal protein in the senile plaques of Alzheimer's disease and is considered to be responsible for the pathology of Alzheimer's disease. Several studies have shown that beta-amyloid is cytotoxic, using 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) as an indicator of viability in cells. Utilizing the MTT(More)
Oligomeric and fibrillar beta-amyloid (Abeta) may be toxic in Alzheimer disease (AD), especially after post-translation modification cumulative over time. Racemization of Ser and Asp residues of Abeta in senile plaques (SPs) occurs as an age-dependent process in AD. We previously reported that Abeta1-40 racemized at Ser26 is soluble and susceptible to(More)
Progressive deposition of amyloid beta peptide in the senile plaques is a principal event in the neurodegenerative process of Alzheimer's disease. Several reports have demonstrated that amyloid beta is cytotoxic using 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) as an indicator of viability in cells. With the MTT assay, we screened an(More)
Amyloid beta peptide in the senile plaques of patients with Alzheimer's disease is considered to be responsible for the pathology of Alzheimer's disease. We have previously reported that 6-ethyl-N,N'-bis(3-hydroxyphenyl)[1,3,5]triazine-2,4-diamine, RS-0466, is capable of significantly inhibiting amyloid beta-induced cytotoxicity in HeLa cells. To determine(More)
Although possible usefulness of non-selective monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitors for Parkinson's disease therapy has been suggested in the literature, MAO inhibitors whose inhibition is reversible and have dual action to both MAO-A and -B subtypes is not available yet. Subtype selectivity and reversibility of a series of novel MAO inhibitors,(More)