Isao Kamae

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BACKGROUND A randomized control trial was performed to test whether a lifestyle intervention program, carried out in a primary healthcare setting using existing resources, can reduce the incidence of type 2 diabetes in Japanese with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT). The results of 3 years' intervention are summarized. METHODS Through health checkups in(More)
OBJECTIVES The International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research (ISPOR) Health Science Policy Council recommended and the ISPOR Board of Directors approved the formation of a Task Force to critically examine the major issues related to Quality Improvement in Cost-effectiveness Research (QICER). The Council's primary recommendation for this(More)
During the periods of seasonal flu in 2003 and 2004, it was found that about 45 percent of elderly people in Japan had been inoculated with influenza vaccines. Comparatively, however, the proportion of inoculation with pneumococcal vaccine was only 0.1 percent. Taking into account such incongruent proportions, this study assesses health and economic(More)
BACKGROUND The World Health Organization has called for global and regional assessments of the burden of hepatitis C (HCV) along with country-specific patient profiles to better inform healthcare policy. The present investigated the characteristics and burden of patients reporting a diagnosis of HCV infection in the US, France, Germany, Italy, Spain, the(More)
A system utilizing computer simulations was developed in order to compare (1) situations wherein critically wounded individuals are, at first, ranked and classified into subgroups based on criticalness of the wounds, and then be evaluated and re-ordered within the subgroups before transported to hospitals, with (2) those situations in which the conventional(More)
BACKGROUND Health technology assessment (HTA) has been continuously used for value-based healthcare decisions over the last decade. Healthcare databases represent an important source of information for HTA, which has seen a surge in use in Western countries. Although HTA agencies have been established in Asia-Pacific region, application and understanding of(More)
Background/Aims. Diabetes might increase the risk of Alzheimer's disease (AD). For detecting dementia, it is typical to obtain informants' perceptions of cognitive deficits, but such interviews are usually difficult in routine care. We aimed to develop a model for predicting mild to moderate AD using a self-reported questionnaire and by evaluating vascular(More)
BACKGROUND Limited evidence is available about the relationship of lifestyle factors with glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) in subjects with impaired glucose tolerance. The aim of study was to identify such determinant factors of HbA1c in subjects with impaired glucose tolerance. METHODS This cross-sectional study included 121 men and 124 women with impaired(More)
The beta-3 adrenergic receptor (ADRB3), primarily expressed in adipose tissue, is involved in the regulation of energy metabolism. The present study hypothesized that ADRB3 (Trp64Arg, rs4994) polymorphisms modulate the effects of lifestyle intervention on weight and metabolic parameters in patients with impaired glucose tolerance. Data were analyzed from(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the effects of a lifestyle intervention on the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) among participants with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), in particular in the subgroup with baseline glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels ≥5.7%, in primary healthcare settings. DESIGN Randomized controlled trial. SETTING 32 healthcare(More)
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