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BACKGROUND A randomized control trial was performed to test whether a lifestyle intervention program, carried out in a primary healthcare setting using existing resources, can reduce the incidence of type 2 diabetes in Japanese with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT). The results of 3 years' intervention are summarized. METHODS Through health checkups in(More)
OBJECTIVES The International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research (ISPOR) Health Science Policy Council recommended and the ISPOR Board of Directors approved the formation of a Task Force to critically examine the major issues related to Quality Improvement in Cost-effectiveness Research (QICER). The Council's primary recommendation for this(More)
During the periods of seasonal flu in 2003 and 2004, it was found that about 45 percent of elderly people in Japan had been inoculated with influenza vaccines. Comparatively, however, the proportion of inoculation with pneumococcal vaccine was only 0.1 percent. Taking into account such incongruent proportions, this study assesses health and economic(More)
BACKGROUND The World Health Organization has called for global and regional assessments of the burden of hepatitis C (HCV) along with country-specific patient profiles to better inform healthcare policy. The present investigated the characteristics and burden of patients reporting a diagnosis of HCV infection in the US, France, Germany, Italy, Spain, the(More)
A system utilizing computer simulations was developed in order to compare (1) situations wherein critically wounded individuals are, at first, ranked and classified into subgroups based on criticalness of the wounds, and then be evaluated and re-ordered within the subgroups before transported to hospitals, with (2) those situations in which the conventional(More)
BACKGROUND Health technology assessment (HTA) has been continuously used for value-based healthcare decisions over the last decade. Healthcare databases represent an important source of information for HTA, which has seen a surge in use in Western countries. Although HTA agencies have been established in Asia-Pacific region, application and understanding of(More)
Background/Aims. Diabetes might increase the risk of Alzheimer's disease (AD). For detecting dementia, it is typical to obtain informants' perceptions of cognitive deficits, but such interviews are usually difficult in routine care. We aimed to develop a model for predicting mild to moderate AD using a self-reported questionnaire and by evaluating vascular(More)
The beta-3 adrenergic receptor (ADRB3), primarily expressed in adipose tissue, is involved in the regulation of energy metabolism. The present study hypothesized that ADRB3 (Trp64Arg, rs4994) polymorphisms modulate the effects of lifestyle intervention on weight and metabolic parameters in patients with impaired glucose tolerance. Data were analyzed from(More)
To address the public concerns provoked by the first incidence of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) in Japan, the BSE screening tests in Japan are evaluated in use of modeling analysis in evidence-based diagnosis. Under the assumptions based on epidemiological statistics such as the annual number of screened cattle with 1,227,385, the annual incidence(More)
The purpose of this retrospective study was to determine the outcome of Brånemark System TiUnite® implants (Nobel Biocare/Sweden), and to identify the risk factors associated with implant failure. A total of 151 patients (83 maxillae and 91 mandibles) received 619 implants from July 2003 until May 2010. The patients included 86 males and 65 females, with(More)