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The convergent total syntheses of gambierol (1) and 16-epi-gambierol (2) have been achieved. The ABC and FGH ring segments 4 and 5 were prepared from known compounds 6 and 13, respectively, by linear manners. The fragments prepared were connected by our own synthetic strategy including the intramolecular allylation of alpha-acetoxy ether followed by… (More)
The convergent total synthesis of gambierol (1) is described. The octacyclic ether framework of 1 was constructed via the intramolecular allylation of alpha-chloroacetoxy ether followed by ring-closing metathesis. A modified Stille coupling was successfully applied to the synthesis of the triene side chain.
Strategies for the synthesis of polycyclic ethers based on intramolecular allylations are overviewed. The intramolecular condensation of allylic stannanes and aldehydes is a powerful tool for the synthesis of oxepane derivatives. The reaction is successfully applied to the iterative total synthesis of hemibrevetoxin B (2). Further, the intramolecular… (More)
The xylem conducts water and minerals from the root to the shoot and provides mechanical strength to the plant body. The vascular precursor cells of the procambium differentiate to form continuous vascular strands, from which xylem and phloem cells are generated in the proper spatiotemporal pattern. Procambium formation and xylem differentiation are… (More)
Stereoselective and parallel total syntheses of two possible diastereomers of (+)-sarcophytonolide C have been accomplished. Macrolactonization and transannular ring-closing metathesis (RCM) were the key transformations. Detailed comparisons of their (1)H and (13)C NMR data and specific rotation with those of the natural product allowed the absolute… (More)
An efficient synthesis of the A-G ring segment 2, a key intermediate for the total synthesis of brevetoxin B (1), was achieved in 37 steps and 5.0% overall yield. The intramolecular allylation of the O,S-acetal 22, prepared from the ABC ring segment 15 and the FG ring segment 17, was carried out using AgOTf as a Lewis acid to give the desired compound 23,… (More)
The HIJKLM ring system of ciguatoxin CTX3C was synthesized in a convergent manner. The key steps were a conjugate addition/alkylation sequence, spiroacetalization, intramolecular allylation, ring-closing metathesis, and hydrogenation to form the 36-α-methyl substituent.
A total synthesis of brevenal is described. The pentacyclic ether core was constructed by the intramolecular allylation of alpha-acetoxy ether and subsequent ring-closing metathesis. Both of the diene side chains were introduced by Wittig olefination and a Horner-Wadsworth-Emmons reaction, respectively, in a highly stereoselective manner.
Stereoselective synthesis of the C1'-C25' fragment of symbiodinolide, which was obtained as a degraded product from symbiodinolide by alkaline hydrolysis, has been accomplished. The synthetic route features Kotsuki coupling and Julia-Kocienski olefination in the introduction of the side chains. This enantio- and stereoselective synthesis has established the… (More)