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Photosystem II (PSII) from a red alga, Cyanidium caldarium, contains four extrinsic proteins of 33, 20, and 12 kDa and cytochrome (cyt)c550 [Enami, I., et al., (1995) Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1232, 208-216]. The binding and functional properties of these four proteins in the red algal PSII were studied by release-reconstitution experiments. Of the four(More)
A Photosystem II (PS II) complex was purified from an acidophilic as well as a thermophilic red alga, Cyanidium caldarium. The purified PS II complex was essentially devoid of phycobiliproteins and other contaminating components, and showed a high oxygen-evolving activity of 2375 mumol O2/mg Chl per h using phenyl-p-benzoquinone as the electron acceptor.(More)
The psbO gene encoding the extrinsic 33 kDa protein of oxygen-evolving photosystem II (PSII) complex was cloned and sequenced from a red alga, Cyanidium caldarium. The gene encodes a polypeptide of 333 residues, of which the first 76 residues served as transit peptides for transfer across the chloroplast envelope and thylakoid membrane. The mature protein(More)
The psaB gene product (PsaB protein), one of the reaction center subunits of Photosystem I (PS I), was specifically degraded by light illumination of spinach thylakoid membranes. The degradation of the protein yielded N-terminal fragments of molecular mass 51 kDa and 45 kDa. The formation of the 51 kDa fragment was i) partially suppressed by the addition of(More)
The extrinsic 33-kDa protein of photosystem II (PSII) was intramolecularly cross-linked by a zero-length cross-linker, 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)carbodiimide. The resulting cross-linked 33-kDa protein rebound to urea/NaCl-washed PSII membranes, which stabilized the binding of manganese as effectively as the untreated 33-kDa protein. In contrast, the(More)
This minireview presents a summary of information available on the variety and binding properties of extrinsic proteins that form the oxygen-evolving complex of photosystem II (PSII) of cyanobacteria, red alga, diatom, green alga, euglena, and higher plants. In addition, the structure and function of extrinsic PsbO, PsbV, and PsbU proteins are summarized(More)
The close association of the extrinsic PsbO, PsbP and PsbQ proteins with PSII core subunits in oxygen-evolving PSII complexes from a green alga, Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, was examined by cross-linking experiments with a water-soluble carbodiimide, 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl) carbodiimide (EDC). The green algal PSII complexes treated with EDC were(More)
Two dimensional (2D) crystals of photosystem II (PSII) were obtained from n-heptyl-beta-D-thioglucoside-solubilized monomers of spinach PSII complex by conventional detergent dialysis. The 2D crystals were either large cylindrical vesicles (1 to 2 micrometer by 4 to 6 micrometer as flattened vesicles) or large monolayer sheets (ca. 1 micrometer X 1(More)
Four ferredoxin (Fd) fractions, namely, FdA-D were purified from the green sulfur bacterium Chlorobium tepidum. Their absorption spectra are typical of 2[4Fe-4S] cluster type Fds with peaks at about 385 and 280 nm and a shoulder at about 305 nm. The A(385)/A(280) ratios of the purified Fds were 0.76-0.80. Analysis of the N-terminal amino acid sequences of(More)
Oxygen-evolving Photosystem II particles (crude PSII) retaining a high oxygen-evolving activity have been prepared from a marine centric diatom, Chaetoceros gracilis (Nagao et al., 2007). The crude PSII, however, contained a large amount of fucoxanthin chlorophyll a/c-binding proteins (FCP). In this study, a purified PSII complex which was deprived of major(More)