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The effects of a single local injection of recombinant human fibroblast growth factor-2 on the healing of segmental bone defects were evaluated in rabbits. One month after the external fixator originally designed for this experiment was installed in the tibia of the rabbit, a 3-mm bone defect was created by an osteotomy in the middle of the tibia and 0, 50,(More)
In uremic patients, various uremic toxins are accumulated and exert various biologic effects on uremia. Indoxyl sulfate (IS) is one of uremic toxins that is derived from dietary protein, and serum levels of IS are markedly increased in both uremic rats and patients. It has been previously reported that the accumulation of IS promotes the progression of(More)
One of the greatest needs in the clinical bone field is a bioactive agent to stimulate bone formation. We previously reported that fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2) exhibited strong anabolic actions on bone formation in models of rodents and dogs. Aiming at a clinical application, this study was undertaken to clarify the effect of a single local(More)
The objective of this study is to enhance the bone induction activity of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) for reconstruction of skull bone defects which has been clinically recognized as almost impossible. For this purpose, we prepared biodegradable hydrogels from gelatin with an isoelectric point of 4.9 which is capable of polyionic complexing with(More)
The effect on intraosseous bone formation of a single local injection of recombinant human basic fibroblast growth factor into the distal femur was examined in normal and ovariectomized rabbits. In normal rabbits, basic fibroblast growth factor increased bone mineral density around the injected site in a dose-dependent manner at 4 weeks, with significant(More)
BACKGROUND 3-Deoxyglucosone (3-DG) accumulating in uremic serum plays an important role in the formation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs). To determine if 3-DG is involved in the formation of intracellular AGEs, we measured the erythrocyte levels of 3-DG and AGEs such as imidazolone and N epsilon-carboxymethyllysine (CML) in hemodialysis (HD)(More)
This study is a trial to promote repairing of the rabbit skull bone gap between an autologous bone flap and the intact bone with biodegradable gelatin microspheres containing transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1). A 10-mm diameter bone defect was prepared in rabbit skulls by drilling out a bone flap of 6 mm in diameter. After a surrounding gap defect(More)
BACKGROUND An oral adsorbent (AST-120) delays the progression of chronic renal failure (CRF). The aims of the present study are to determine the effects of AST-120 on the localization of indoxyl sulphate in uraemic rat kidneys, and to examine whether AST-120 reduces the renal cortical gene expression of transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta1, tissue(More)
The effect of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) applied locally into the bone under physiological conditions was investigated. An aqueous solution containing Oμg (vehicle), 100 μg or 400 μg recombinant human bFGF was percutaneously applied through a needle into the right ilium in rabbit, and the ilia were harvested 4 weeks after the application.(More)
sion, all of the exper iments in which hepatic congestion, ischemia and anoxia were produced, decrease in AE was observed. This indicates that decrease in AE can be attributed to hepatic anoxia. Accordingly, decrease in AE observed in clinical congestive heart failure is considered as a result of hepatic anoxia. Significant decrease of AE is severe(More)