Learn More
P-glycoprotein, an active efflux pump of antitumor agents in multidrug-resistant tumor cells, exists in various normal tissues, including brain capillaries. To study the physiological function of P-glycoprotein expressed in brain capillary endothelium, we established nine mouse brain capillary endothelial cell (MBEC) lines and examined the transport of(More)
Diesel exhaust (DE) is composed of particles and gaseous compounds. It has been reported that DE causes pulmonary and cardiovascular disease. We have previously reported that fetal exposure to DE had deleterious effects to the reproductive system of mice offspring. However, there is still little known about the effects of prenatal exposure to DE to the(More)
Immunity to mycobacterial infection is closely linked to the emergence of T cells that secrete cytokines, gamma interferon (IFN-gamma), interleukin-12 (IL-12), and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha), resulting in macrophage activation and recruitment of circulating monocytes to initiate chronic granuloma formation. The cytokine that mediates macrophage(More)
Hydrocortisone (HC-A) inhibited the proliferative response in the autologous mixed lymphocyte reaction (AMLR). The inhibitory activity became apparent 48 h after initiation of the cultures and was maintained throughout the culture period. T cells from cultures treated with HC-A showed a proliferative response to interleukin-2 (IL-2) of a similar degree as T(More)
BACKGROUND In conjunction with allergens, diesel exhaust particles act as an adjuvant to enhance IgE responses, inducing expression of cytokines/chemokines and adhesion molecules, and increasing airway hyper-responsiveness (AHR). As most studies were designed to expose animals to diesel exhaust throughout the periods of both sensitization and allergen(More)
Xanthan gum (XG), a microbial polysaccharide produced extracellularly by fermentation of Xanthomonas campestris, has unique physical properties. We studied the effects of XG on murine lymphocytes in vitro and found that XG induced both a significant increase of DNA synthesis in mouse splenic B cells and thymocytes as well as polyclonal IgM and IgG antibody(More)
A monoclonal antibody, MRK 16, specific to a human myelogenous leukemia cell line, K-562, and resistant to Adriamycin, was used to determine the localization of the antigen molecules (P-glycoprotein) recognized by the monoclonal antibody. P-glycoprotein was found to be expressed very strongly in the adrenal cortex and medulla of adults and strongly in the(More)
To understand the role of the proinflammatory cytokine interleukin-1 (IL-1) in mycobacterial inflammation, IL-1 alpha/beta double-knockout (KO) mice were produced. These mice were infected with either Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv by the airborne route using an airborne infection apparatus, and their capacities to control mycobacterial growth, granuloma(More)
To test our hypothesis that diesel exhaust particle (DEP)-induced oxidative stress and host antioxidant responses play a key role in the development of DEP-induced airway inflammatory diseases, C57BL/6 nuclear erythroid 2 P45-related factor 2 (Nrf2) knockout (Nrf2(-/-)) and wild-type mice were exposed to low-dose DEP for 7 h/day, 5 days/week, for 8 weeks.(More)
The expression of multidrug-resistance-associated protein (MRP) was assessed in various types of untreated lung cancer using an immunohistochemical technique. MRP was abundantly expressed in 28 of 59 adenocarcinoma specimens (47%) and its expression was associated with the degree of glandular differentiation of the tumor. MRP expression in(More)