Isamu Sugawara

Learn More
P-glycoprotein, an active efflux pump of antitumor agents in multidrug-resistant tumor cells, exists in various normal tissues, including brain capillaries. To study the physiological function of P-glycoprotein expressed in brain capillary endothelium, we established nine mouse brain capillary endothelial cell (MBEC) lines and examined the transport of(More)
Diesel exhaust (DE) is composed of particles and gaseous compounds. It has been reported that DE causes pulmonary and cardiovascular disease. We have previously reported that fetal exposure to DE had deleterious effects to the reproductive system of mice offspring. However, there is still little known about the effects of prenatal exposure to DE to the(More)
Several recent reports have suggested that sperm count and quality in normal men are declining. Various environmental chemical compounds may affect the male reproductive system. We propose here that diesel exhaust is an environmental pollutant with the potential to influence male reproductive function. Ultrastructural changes were observed in Leydig cells(More)
Immunity to mycobacterial infection is closely linked to the emergence of T cells that secrete cytokines, gamma interferon (IFN-gamma), interleukin-12 (IL-12), and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha), resulting in macrophage activation and recruitment of circulating monocytes to initiate chronic granuloma formation. The cytokine that mediates macrophage(More)
We investigated the effect of diesel exhaust (DE) on pregnancy and fetal development in mice at day 14 postcoitum (pc) with a special focus on the placenta. The number of absorbed fetuses increased in groups exposed to DE, and congestion was observed in histological sections of placentas. During placental absorption expression of CYP1A1 mRNA decreased to(More)
We analysed the genotypes of 325 Mycobacterium tuberculosis clinical isolates obtained during 2002 throughout Japan. The genotyping methods included insertion sequence IS6110 RFLP, spoligotyping and variable number of tandem repeat (VNTR) analyses. Clustered isolates revealed by IS6110 RFLP analysis accounted for 18.5 % (60/325) of the isolates. Beijing(More)
A monoclonal antibody, MRK 16, specific to a human myelogenous leukemia cell line, K-562, and resistant to Adriamycin, was used to determine the localization of the antigen molecules (P-glycoprotein) recognized by the monoclonal antibody. P-glycoprotein was found to be expressed very strongly in the adrenal cortex and medulla of adults and strongly in the(More)
To understand the role of the proinflammatory cytokine interleukin-1 (IL-1) in mycobacterial inflammation, IL-1 alpha/beta double-knockout (KO) mice were produced. These mice were infected with either Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv by the airborne route using an airborne infection apparatus, and their capacities to control mycobacterial growth, granuloma(More)
Epidemiological studies have suggested that suspended particulate matter (SPM) causes detrimental health effects such as respiratory and cardiovascular diseases, and that diesel exhaust particles from automobiles is a major contributor to SPM. It has been reported that neonatal and adult exposure to diesel exhaust damages the central nervous system (CNS)(More)
BACKGROUND In conjunction with allergens, diesel exhaust particles act as an adjuvant to enhance IgE responses, inducing expression of cytokines/chemokines and adhesion molecules, and increasing airway hyper-responsiveness (AHR). As most studies were designed to expose animals to diesel exhaust throughout the periods of both sensitization and allergen(More)