Isamu Hoshino

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MicroRNAs (miRNAs), noncoding RNAs 21-25 nucleotides in length, regulate gene expression primarily at the posttranscriptional level. Growing evidence suggests that miRNAs are aberrantly expressed in many human cancers, and that they play significant roles in carcinogenesis and cancer progression. A search for miRNAs with a tumor-suppressive function in(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies have demonstrated that microRNAs (miRNAs) are stably detectable in blood and can serve as useful biomarkers for cancer. METHODS We performed an miRNA array using serum samples obtained from oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) patients or healthy controls. MiR-1246 was the most markedly elevated in ESCC patients. Therefore,(More)
BACKGROUND FSCN1 and matrix metalloproteinase 14 (MMP14) are both invadopodia-related proteins. We herein elucidate the tumourigenicity of these proteins and identify novel therapeutic agents in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). METHODS FSCN1 and MMP14 were evaluated by immunohistochemistry and quantitative PCR, and microRNA (miR)-133a was also(More)
Peroxiredoxins (Prdxs) are a family of antioxidant enzymes that are also known as scavengers of peroxide in mammalian cells. Some reports have shown that the overexpression of Prdx1, which is one of the peroxiredoxins that is a ubiquitously expressed protein, was related to a poor prognosis in several types of human cancers. In this study, we investigated(More)
BACKGROUND Carbon-ion radiotherapy has several potential advantages over X-rays. This therapy has been applied for various solid tumors including esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). However, some patients have shown resistance to this treatment. A new effective combined treatment strategy is required for improving the therapeutic effects. Histone(More)
TIP30 is a tumor suppressor whose expression is altered in human liver, prostate, lung, colon, and breast cancers. Mice lacking TIP30 spontaneously developed hepatocellular carcinomas (HCC) and other tumors at a higher incidence than wild-type mice. Somatic missense mutations in the TIP30 gene were identified in human HCC tissue specimens, which resulted in(More)
BACKGROUND The presence of pathogens in dental plaque is a risk factor associated with postoperative pneumonia in esophageal cancer patients. The effectiveness of pre-operative dental brushing to decrease the risk of postoperative pneumonia in esophageal cancer patients was evaluated prospectively. METHODS A total of 86 thoracic esophageal cancer patients(More)
Epigenetic changes, such as DNA methylation and histone modifications, regulate gene expression. It is speculated that investigating the fundamental epigenetic mechanisms and their gene regulation will promote a better understanding of cancer development. The idea of epigenetic modification has been extended to microRNAs (miRs). MiRs are single-stranded RNA(More)
BACKGROUND p53 gene therapy has been examined in several clinical trials, however, the results of those trials have mostly been unsatisfactory due to the low efficacy of this therapy. Leptomycin B (LMB) is an antibiotic originally isolated from Streptomyces that has the ability to inhibit the export of proteins containing a nuclear export signal from the(More)
Epigenetic regulators such as histone acetyltransferases (HATs) and histone deacetylases (HDACs) are known to play an important role in gene expression. Of these enzymes, HDACs have been shown to be commonly associated with many types of cancers and to affect cancer development. Consequently, HDACs have been considered as promising targets for cancer(More)