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Arginine deiminase (ADI)-based arginine depletion is a novel strategy under clinical trials for the treatment of malignant melanoma with promising results. The sensitivity of melanoma to ADI treatment is based on its auxotrophy for arginine due to a lack of argininosuccinate synthetase (AS) expression, the rate-limiting enzyme for the de novo biosynthesis(More)
Melanomas and other cancers that do not express argininosuccinate synthetase (AS), the rate-limiting enzyme for arginine biosynthesis, are sensitive to arginine depletion with pegylated arginine deiminase (ADI-PEG20). However, ADI resistance eventually develops in tumors because of AS upregulation. Although it has been shown that AS upregulation involves(More)
INTRODUCTION Platinum (Pt)-based antitumor agents remain important chemotherapeutic agents for treating many human malignancies. Elevated expression of the human high-affinity copper transporter 1 (hCtr1), resulting in enhanced Pt drug transport into cells, has been shown to be associated with improved treatment efficacy. Thus, targeting hCtr1 upregulation(More)
Copper is an essential metal nutrient, yet copper overload is toxic. Here, we report that human copper transporter (hCtr) 1 plays an important role in the maintenance of copper homeostasis by demonstrating that expression of hCtr1 mRNA was up-regulated under copper-depleted conditions and down-regulated under copper-replete conditions. Overexpression of(More)
Cardiorespiratory collapse after a seizure is the leading cause of sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP) in young persons, but why only certain individuals are at risk is unknown. To identify a mechanism for this lethal cardiorespiratory failure, we examined whether genes linked to increased SUDEP risk lower the threshold for spreading depolarization(More)
Cadmium is a nonessential toxic metal in mammals. Its toxicity is mainly caused by interactions with cellular proteins that result in protein dysfunction and then disturb normal cellular functions. Glutathione (GSH) has been reported to play a role in cadmium resistance by serving as a cofactor for multidrug resistance protein 1/GS-X pump-mediated cadmium(More)
Arginine deiminase (ADI)–based arginine depletion is a novel strategy under clinical trials for the treatment of malignant melanoma with promising results. The sensitivity of melanoma to ADI treatment is based on its auxotrophy for arginine due to a lack of argininosuccinate synthetase (AS) expression, the rate-limiting enzyme for the de novo biosynthesis(More)
UNLABELLED Generalized spike-wave seizures involving abnormal synchronization of cortical and underlying thalamic circuitry represent a major category of childhood epilepsy. Inborn errors of Cacna1a, the P/Q-type voltage-gated calcium channel α subunit gene, expressed throughout the brain destabilize corticothalamic rhythmicity and produce this phenotype.(More)
Melanomas and other cancers that do not express argininosuccinate synthetase (AS), the rate-limiting enzyme for arginine biosynthesis, are sensitive to arginine depletion with pegylated arginine deiminase (ADI-PEG20). However, ADI resistance eventually develops in tumors because of AS upregulation. Although it has been shown that AS upregulation involves(More)
The human high-affinity copper transporter 1 (hCtr1) transports both Cu(I) and cisplatin (cDDP). Because Cu deficiency is lethal yet Cu overload is poisonous, hCtr1 expression is transcriptionally upregulated in response to Cu deficiency but is downregulated under Cu replete conditions in controlling Cu homeostasis. The up- and down-regulation of hCtr1 is(More)