Isaiah T. Arkin

Learn More
Glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchoring of proteins provides a potential mechanism for targeting to the plant plasma membrane and cell wall. However, relatively few such proteins have been identified. Here, we develop a procedure for database analysis to identify GPI-anchored proteins (GAP) based on their possession of common features. In a(More)
We present the theory of site-directed dichroism and its application to the determination of rotational and orientational constraints for oriented polypeptides such as transmembrane helices. Infrared spectroscopy dichroism measurements of single amide I vibrational modes corresponding to 13C-labeled sites within the polypeptide contain information about the(More)
Structural and environmental constraints greatly simplify the folding problem for membrane proteins. Computational methods can be used in a global search to find a small number of chemically reasonable models within these constraints, such that a modest set of experimental data can distinguish among them. We show that, for phospholamban, the global search(More)
Phospholamban is a 52 amino acid calcium regulatory protein found as pentamers in cardiac SR membranes. The pentamers form through interactions between its transmembrane domains, and are stable in SDS. We have employed a saturation mutagenesis approach to study the detailed interactions between the transmembrane segments, using a chimeric protein construct(More)
A molecular-level understanding of the function of a protein requires knowledge of both its structural and dynamic properties. NMR spectroscopy allows the measurement of generalized order parameters that provide an atomistic description of picosecond and nanosecond fluctuations in protein structure. Molecular dynamics (MD) simulation provides a(More)
A structural model of pentameric phospholamban (Plb) in a lipid bilayer has been derived using a combination of experimental data, obtained from ATR-FTIR site-directed dichroism, and the implementation of the resulting restraints during a molecular dynamics simulation. Plb (residues 24-52) has been synthesised incorporating a new label, 1-(13)C==(18)O, at(More)
Phospholamban is a 52 amino acid residue membrane protein involved with the regulation of calcium levels across sarcoplasmic reticulum membranes in cardiac muscle cells. The N-terminal 30 amino acid residues of the protein are largely hydrophilic and include two sites whose phosphorylation is thought to dissociate an inhibitory complex between phospholamban(More)
One may speculate that higher organisms require a proportionately greater abundance of membrane proteins within their genomes in order to furnish the requirements of differentiated cell types, compartmentalization, and intercellular signalling. With the recent availability of several complete prokaryotic genome sequences and sufficient progress in many(More)
The structures of membrane transporters are still mostly unsolved. Only recently, the first two high-resolution structures of transporters of the major facilitator superfamily (MFS) were published. Despite the low sequence similarity of the two proteins involved, lactose permease and glycerol-3-phosphate transporter, the reported structures are highly(More)